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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1505761

Hob Uid: 1505761
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Challacombe
Grid Ref : SS6966341353
Summary : The fragmentary remains of a system of Medieval strip fields extend, to the north of North Lane, between The Black Venus Inn, Twitchen Gate and Old Close Copse to the north east of Challacombe. The fields are defined by curving parallel lynchets and are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs but some may have been levelled. The relict fields were probably part of an infield-outfield system where the outfield was usually an area of poorer grassland or moorland, and the infield was an area of intensly cultivated strip fields. The strip lynchets form part of an extensive system of lynchets around the settlements and farms in Challacombe parish (see NMR Monument 1301286, SS 64 SE 67).
More information : The fragmentary remains of a system of Medieval strip fields extend, to the north of North Lane, between The Black Venus Inn, Twitchen Gate and Old Close Copse to the north east of Challacombe. The fields are defined by curving parallel lynchets and are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs but some may have been levelled. Only parts of what was probably a continuous system of fields survive in three areas. The surviving remains are centred at SS 6959 4135. A concentration of lynchets extend over an area, to the north-east of the Black Venus Inn, measuring 390m by 375m and these are centred at SS 6956 4123. Another concentration extends east of Old Close copse over an area measuring up to 215m by 100m, centred at SS 6974 4150. A single lynchet is centred at SS 6992 4150.

The relict fields were probably part of an infield-outfield system where the outfield was usually an area of poorer grassland or moorland, and the infield was an area of intensly cultivated strip fields. The strip lynchets form part of an extensive system of lynchets around the settlements and farms in Challacombe parish (see NMR Monument 1301286, SS 64 SE 67).
(1-2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Helen Winton/20-DEC-1999/RCHME: Challacombe, West Devon
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Riley H and Wilson-North R 2001 The Field Archaeology fo Exmoor English Heritage, Swindon
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Strip Field, Lynchet
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 SE 156
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: CHALLACOMBE, WEST DEVON
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1999-12-01
End Date : 1999-12-01