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Historic England Research Records

Monk Farm

Hob Uid: 15122
Location :
Northumberland
Allendale
Grid Ref : NY7834056540
Summary : Range of buildings at Monk Farmhouse, allegedly an Augustinian cell of Hexham Priory, incorporating remains of a bastle, or possibly earlier pele or tower house. The buildings are mainly 16th and 17th century in date, though incorporating some earlier fabric, and are built of stone rubble with stone and slate roofs. The north eastern gable is capped by a dovecote supported on corbels; an adaptation of a large stack.
More information : [NY 78345654] Monk [T.I.] (1)

Monk Farm, is said to have been a cell formerly attached to Hexham. The 17th.c. house, at present used as a byre, has a low arched doorway at its west end and windows in its side walls all built-up.

On a stone is the inscription EF:AF:1677, doubtless the FAIRLESS family. Edward Fairless held the Monk in 1609. (2)

The building, part of the farmstead of Monk, is at present used as a byre and milking house.

It was originally of two storeys, but the upper floor has been
sometime removed and the ground floor built up some 1 1/2 feet. All existing doorways and windows are modern insertions. The dated stone, referred to by Authority 2, has, according to the tenant, now weathered so much, that the inscription is no longer visible.

The roof is modern, but at the east end at the gable top is an
original dove-cote, a small square tower of stone. (3)

Remains of a bastle incorporated in the farmhouse NY 783565. (See Type Site NY 88 SE 14)The building stands on the NW side of the farmyard and consists of a long building incorporating a bastle at the NE end, and a smaller building with thick walling at the SW end. The whole building should be studied in conjunction with Old Town, (NY85SE) and Whiteley Shield (NY84NW) The dovecote surmounting the bastle may have been adapted from a watch-tower as at Melkridge.
The two-storey structure at the SW end has slit windows in the upper floor indicating that it was not intended for habitable use.
The middle part of the building is probably 19th century. (4)

Range of buildings at Monk Farmhouse, supposedly an Augustinian cell of Hexham Priory, incorporating remains of a bastle. The buildings are mainly 16th and 17th century in date, though incorporating some earlier fabric, and are built of stone rubble with stone and slate roofs. The north eastern gable is capped by a dovecote supported on corbels; an adaptation of a large stack. Listed Grade II. (5)

Dodds suggests that the bastle originated as a tower house or pele. (6).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" Prov 1946
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne
Source details :
Page(s) : 270
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7, 1895-6
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 08-NOV-56
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Shielings and bastles
Source details : Shielings and Bastles 1970 80 No 22 RCHM
Page(s) : 80
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Tynedale, 23-AUG-1985
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Bastions and Belligerents: Medieval Strongholds in Northumberland
Source details :
Page(s) : 420-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Augustinian Cell, Farmhouse, Farm Building, Tower House, Pele Tower
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Extant Building, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C16/C17
Monument End Date : 1699
Monument Start Date : 1500
Monument Type : Farmhouse, Farm Building, Bastle
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Farmhouse, Farm Building, Bastle
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Probably post C17
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Farm Building, Dovecote
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 240129
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 75 NE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 75 NE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1956-11-08
End Date : 1956-11-08