HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Milecastle 37

Hob Uid: 15146
Location :
Northumberland
Bardon Mill
Grid Ref : NY7850068690
Summary : The site of Roman milecastle 37, part of the defences on Hadrian's Wall. Excavations in 1988-9 showed three periods of the north gate, having been built, blocked, then partly demolished. The milecastle has been partly reconstructed and consolidated and is now in the care of English Heritage. The wall achieves a maximum height of 2.2 metres internally, and the single barrack block in the east half survives to 1.0 metres high. There is much excavation spoil on the escarpment north of the milecastle blocking what would have been a difficult but possible descent to the base of the crag.
More information : [NY 78506869] MILECASTLE [G.S.]
Excavated AD 1852. (1)

Milecastle 37, two furlongs beyond Housesteads, was excavated in 1853, 1907 and 1933. It is a "short-axis" with type I gates, and contains the remains of a small barrack block. A re-used corner of a Hadrianic dedication slab was found in 1853, and two altars inscribed to Cocidius and Jupiter were found at the foot of the precipice, and behind the milecastle respectively. (2)

The remains are correctly described and in good condition, with six courses of masonry standing to a maximum height of 1.3 m.
Resurveyed at 1/2500. (3)

Excavations in 1988-9 showed three periods of the north gate, having been built, blocked, then partly demolished (4a). The milecastle at NY 7850 6869 has been partly reconstructed and consolidated; it is now in the care of English Heritage. The wall achieves a maximum height of 2.2m internally, and the single barrack block in the east half survives to 1.0m high. There is much excavation spoil on the escarpment north of the milecastle blocking what would have been a difficult but possible descent to the base of the crag. (4)

Scheduled (5)

The remains of the milecastle are visible on air photographs and were mapped as part of the Hadrian's Wall National Mapping Project. (6-7)

Depiction from the James Irwin Coates Archive: 'S Gateway. Mile Castle W. of Borcovicus.1882'. (8)

Located on the English Heritage map of Hadrian's Wall 2010. (9)



Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 25" 1921
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Handbook to Roman Wall 11th Edition 1957 (JC Bruce Ed IA Richmond)
Page(s) : 133-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DK 06-OCT-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Keith Blood/02-FEB-1987/RCHME: Hadrian's Wall Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4a
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : Crow, J G 'An excavation of the North Curtain Wall at Housesteads, 1984'
Page(s) : 273-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 16, 1988
Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 14-Jul-97
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NY 7868/20 (1678/294) 22-AUG-1979
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NY 7868/76 (16651/17) 18-MAY-1999
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Hadrian's Wall: archaeological research by English Heritage 1976-2000
Source details :
Page(s) : 33
Figs. : 109
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Milecastle
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Hadrian's Wall Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 7868/5
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26059
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 28
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northumberland)
External Cross Reference Number : 6555
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : ViewFinder
External Cross Reference Number : K940746
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 76 NE 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 15152
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 15175
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 15149
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, HOUSESTEADS, MILECASTLE 37
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1849-01-01
End Date : 1858-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HOUSESTEADS, MILECASTLE 37
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1853-01-01
End Date : 1853-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HOUSESTEADS, MILECASTLE 37
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1911-01-01
End Date : 1912-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HOUSESTEADS, MILECASTLE 37
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1933-01-01
End Date : 1933-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 76 NE 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-10-06
End Date : 1966-10-06
Associated Activities : Primary, HOUSESTEADS, MILECASTLE 37
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: HADRIAN'S WALL PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1993-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: HADRIAN'S WALL WHS MAPPING PROJECT, NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31