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Historic England Research Records

Milecastle 38

Hob Uid: 15155
Location :
Northumberland
Bardon Mill
Grid Ref : NY7727068130
Summary : The earthwork remains of Roman milecastle 38 on Hadrian's Wall. It was excavated in 1935 and found to be of a short axis with Type I gates that were later reduced to 4 feet wide. Pottery indicated an occupation of the 4th century. The milecastle measures 18 metres north-east by 17.4 metres south-west internally; the north-east wall is 2.6 metres wide and 1.2 metres high but only robber trenches exist on the south and east sides 3.6 metres wide and up to 1.4 metres deep. There is a rectangular building in the south-west corner, and a causeway 3.6 metres wide lies in the east.
More information : [NY 7727 6813] MILECASTLE 38 [GS] (Site of) (1)

M/C 38 was excavated in 1935 and proved to be a "Short-axis" with
type I gates (2). A tombstone, inscribed ...us.. uixit annis mensibus due diebus quinque, used as a pivot stone, is in the Society of Antiquaries Museum, Newcastle. (2-3)

Little remains of the milecastle except rubble walls outlined by "robber trenches". There are foundations of a small secondary structure in the south west corner. Resurveyed at 1/2500. (4)

Although the plan of the castle is accentuated by the stone-grubbing activity, the whole is meaningless in terms of original remains and is no more than a site. (5)

The milecastle was excavated in 1935 and found to be 61 feet east-west by 49 feet north-south, short axis with Type I gates that were later reduced to 4 feet wide. Pottery indicated an occupation of the 4th century (6a). NY 7727 6813. The milecastle measures 18m north-east by 17.4 south-west internally; the north-east wall is 2.6m wide and 1.2m high but only robber trenches exist on the south and east sides 3.6m wide and up to 1.4m deep. There is a rectangular building in the south-west corner and a causeway, 3.6m wide, lies in the east. (6)

Scheduled (7)

The earthwork remains of the milecastle are visible on air photographs and were mapped as part of the Hadrian's Wall National Mapping Project. (8)

Located on the English Heritage map of Hadrian's Wall 2010. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1957
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Handbook to Roman Wall 11th Edition 1957 (JC Bruce Ed IA Richmond)
Page(s) : 136
Figs. :
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Roman inscriptions of Britain, 1. Inscriptions on stone
Source details :
Page(s) : 520
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DK 29-SEP-66
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 11-MAY-72
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Pete Topping/19-JAN-1988/RCHME: Hadrian's Wall Project
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Source Number : 6a
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : Simpson, F G, Richmond, I A, Birley, E, Keeney, G S & Steer, K A 'Milecastles on Hadrian's Wall explored in 1935-6'
Page(s) : 263-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 13, 1936
Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 14-Jul-97
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Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NY 7768/40 (19857/18) 04-MAY-2000
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Source Number : 9
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Milecastle
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Hadrian's Wall Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 7768/16
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26060
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 28
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 76 NE 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 15160
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 15163
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1004316
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, MILECASTLE 38, HOTBANK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1935-01-01
End Date : 1935-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 76 NE 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-09-29
End Date : 1966-09-29
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 76 NE 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-05-11
End Date : 1972-05-11
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: HADRIAN'S WALL PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1993-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, MILECASTLE 38, HOTBANK
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: HADRIAN'S WALL WHS MAPPING PROJECT, NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31