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Historic England Research Records

Battle Of London 886

Hob Uid: 1554095
Location :
Greater London Authority
City And County Of The City Of London
Grid Ref : TQ3271081145
Summary : The site of the Battle of London is considered by some to be located in the Bank area of the City of London. The battle was fought in 886 AD between Alfred the Great and an invading Viking force. After a prolonged and successful invasion of England by the Vikings, Alfred re-captured London after defeating a Danish garrison. London was however in the control of the Kingdom of Mercia to which Alfred handed the city back.
More information : The site of the Battle of London is considered by some to be located in the Bank area of the City of London. The battle was fought in 886 AD between Alfred the Great and an invading Viking force. After a prolonged and successful invasion of England by the Vikings, Alfred re-captured London after defeating a Danish garrison. London was however in the control of the Kingdom of Mercia to which Alfred handed the city back. (1)

According to English Heritage’s Corporate GIS the site of the battle lies in a Conservation Area. The National Grid Reference for the site is: TQ3271081145 (2)

The battle was fought in 887 when King Alfred occupied London and all the English people who weren’t under Danish control submitted to him. Alfred then gave the borough to Ealdorman Ethelred to control. In an associated footnote it states Asser’s addition made it clear that Alfred gained control of London by warfare ‘after the burning of cities and the massacre of people’. A lost source possibly implied by Florence of Worcester states that Alfred recovered London in order to completely expel the army of Danes from his kingdom after Ceolwulf’s death. (3)

In 886 Alfred rebuilt the city of London after its destruction by fire and the killing of inhabitants. He gave it to Ethered, who was the Earl of Mercia and his son-in-law. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : Heritage Key, [Accessed 11-MAY-2012]
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:1250, 2008
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Source details : Version C
Page(s) : 52
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Source Number : 4
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : The Online Medieval and Classical Library, The Life of King Alfred, [Accessed 20-AUG-2013]
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Battle fought 886
Monument End Date : 886
Monument Start Date : 886
Monument Type : Battlefield
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence, Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 38 SW 2737
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1578451
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1578395
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1578398
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : NHPP BATTLEFIELDS PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2011-01-01
End Date : 2012-12-31