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Historic England Research Records

Langley Castle

Hob Uid: 16363
Location :
Northumberland
Haydon
Grid Ref : NY8347062470
Summary : Tower house, built circa 1350, and in ruins by 1541. It was restored circa 1900 and was later used as a girls' school. A four storey central block with five storey angle towers projecting from the east and west faces. A later 14th century forebuilding is set in the re-entrant angle of the south east tower and the east face. Probably the finest tower house in Northumberland, Langley Castle is thought to have been built by Sir Thomas de Lucy and later belonged to the Earl of Northumberland.
More information : [NY 83476247] Langley Castle [G.T.] (1)

A tower-house of C.1350. In ruins in 1541, and restored in the 1890s. It comprises a central hall with four angle towers; the upper room of the S.E. tower may have been the chapel. (2-3)

In good condition and now occupied by St. Cuthbert's School for Girls. The chapel has been completely restored. See GPs AO 56/353/2 & 3 for southern and eastern aspects respectively. (4)

Condition unchanged. (5)

Langley Castle, Grade I, now used as a girls' school. Castellated 4-storeyed tower-house of c.1350, restored in 1890's. Very
impressive rectangular tower with corner towers. A fine original.
Decorated window above the pointed arched entrance doorway, other windows mostly imitations. Stone water spouts, loop lights, fireplaces. A special feature is the unusually elaborate latrine
tower. See Pevsner. (6)

Langley Castle 20/10/52 Grade I. Castle, c.1350 restored by Cadwallader Bates c. 1900. Squared stone, roofs not visible. Large and impressive tower-house consisting of a rectangular 4-storeyed central block with square 5-storey angle towers projecting from the longer east and west faces. Later C14 forebuilding containing entrance and newel stair set in re-entrant angle of south-east tower and east front. East elevation with pointed double-chamfered entrance arch in forebuilding and various windows, some restored. South elevation with twin stepped buttresses capped by corbelled-out circular bartizans. Central door and flanking windows and 1st floor windows C19, other windows C14, some restored. Garderobe projections with arched openings on south and west side of base of south-west tower. West elevation has a variety of traceried windows, some C19 and some restored C14. All ground floor openings C19. North elevation similar to south, C19 ground floor door, restored C14 windows. Embattled parapets, bartizans and turrets all C19 although probably a reasonably correct restoration. Interior; all floors and woodwork C19, C14 doorways, fireplaces, vaulted guardrooms in forebuilding etc. Elaborate garderobe arrangements in south-west tower.

Probably the finest tower-house in Northumberland, Langley Castle is thought to have been built by Sir Thomas de Lucy and later belonged to the Earl of Northumberland. It was already a roofless ruin in 1541 but remained a tolerably intact shell until Bates' restoration.

J.H. Parker 'Domestic Architecture in England' II 1853 332-334 C. Bates 'The Barony and Castle of Langley' Arch. Aeliana X 1885
38-56 (7)

Listed by Cathcart King and Dodds. (8,9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1920-46
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Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Northumberland
Source details :
Page(s) : 203
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1957
Source Number : 3
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : Bates, CJ
Page(s) : 45-56
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 10 - 1885
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASPhillips/31-OCT-1956/OS Archaeology Division Field Investigation
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Miss Hebron, Headmistress, St Cuthbert's School, Langley Castle
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 JRFoster/19-OCT-1965/OS Archaeology Division Field Investigation
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Hexham RD Northumberland Aug 1968 29
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) District of Tynedale Northumberland Feb 1985 31
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 337
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Feb-83
Source Number : 9
Source : Bastions and Belligerents: Medieval Strongholds in Northumberland
Source details :
Page(s) : 402-5
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Circa 1165-1346
Monument End Date : 1346
Monument Start Date : 1165
Monument Type : Hall House
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built 1346-1365
Monument End Date : 1365
Monument Start Date : 1346
Monument Type : Tower House, Castle
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Burnt 1405
Monument End Date : 1405
Monument Start Date : 1405
Monument Type : Tower House, Castle
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : In ruins in 1541
Monument End Date : 1541
Monument Start Date : 1541
Monument Type : Tower House, Castle
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Restored c1900
Monument End Date : 1910
Monument Start Date : 1890
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : By 1968
Monument End Date : 1968
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : School
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 239305
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 86 SW 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LANGLEY CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1882-01-01
End Date : 1882-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 86 SW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1956-10-31
End Date : 1956-10-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 86 SW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-10-19
End Date : 1965-10-19
Associated Activities : Primary, LANGLEY CASTLE, HAYDON BRIDGE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2006-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT LANGLEY CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31