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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 17569

Hob Uid: 17569
Location :
County Durham
Grid Ref : NY9980010400
Summary : Two Roman shrines set up by officers of the First Cohort of Thracians based at Bowes. One is rectangular and dated to the early 3rd century, the other is circular. Fragments of six other shrines and part of a sandstone tablet were found.
More information : Two Roman shrines situated on the west bank of East Black Sike.

NY 9982 1047. (1) A rectangular shrine, dedicated to Vinotonus
Silvanus and built for a centurion of the First Cohort of Thracians
(at Bowes from early 3rd century), excavated 1945. The altar seen
1936 bears the inscription (a) (Deo) Vinoton/Siluan
Iul(ius)/Secundus c(enturio) coh(ortis) I Thrac(um)/u(otum) s(oluit)
l(aetus) l(ibens) m(erito), and is now in Bowes Museum.

NY 9984 1044. A circular shrine, dedicated to Vinotonus, and built
for the commandant or prefect of the First Cohort of Thracians,
excavated 1947 (1). The badly damaged altar has the inscription Deo
Vin/otono/L(usius) Caesius/Frontinus pr/aef(ectus) coh(ortis I
Thrac(um)/domo Parma/ u(otum) s(oluit) l(aetus l(ibens) m(erito).

Fragments of six other altars and part of a sandstone tablet were
found along with coins of Nerva (AD 96-98) and Hadrian (minted 119-
122). Pottery of 3rd-early 4th century included a cooking pot and two
vesicular ones, rims of Castor ware beakers and two fine glass
vessels of late style. Plan (1) (1-2)

(a) NY 9982 1046. Set into a steep west slope of East Black Sike,
this shrine is visible as a block of rough stones about 1.3 m NW/SE
by 0.8 m and 0.6 m high at the front or lower NE side. Only
shattered fragments of the surrounding wall can be seen, mainly on
the north side. Most of the east side has collapsed and disappeared
into the stream. (See GP from the east).

(b) NY 9983 1043. Set into the steep west slope of East Black Sike
and visible as a mainly turf-covered circular stone-walled enclosure
about 7.0 m overall diameter. Outer faces are visible in the south-
east and north-west but the wall has been eroded away by the stream
in the NE. In the SW it is set into the slope and only a few inner
facing stones are evident. The internal features shown on Richmond's
plan have been obscured by debris. An outer ditch on the NW and SW is
probably the remains of the excavation.

Surveyed at 1:10 000 (See GP from the NNE). (3)

Due to erosion it was decided to excavate the site in the spring
of 1981. Only the rear wall of the `Centurions' Shrine' remained.
This was cleared and examined while the stream bed was searched for
and artifacts that had been washed into it. None were found. (4)

The site was visited by RCHME during a survey of scheduled
monuments in County Durham.

Only the turf-covered remains of the circular `Prefect's Shrine'
survives as described by Authority 3; the rectangular `Centurions'
Shrine' some 15 m to the north west has now largely eroded into the
shifting course of the East Black Sike. Some 15 m to the south east
of the circular shrine lies a rectangular pile of dressed masonry
which may have been collected during the excavation of the shrines.

NY 998 103. Roman shrine on Scargill Moor. Scheduled No DU/115. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : (I A Richmond & R P Wright)
Page(s) : 107-16
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 3
Source Number : 1a
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details : (R P Wright)
Page(s) : 146-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 36 - 1946
Source Number : 2
Source : The Roman inscriptions of Britain, 1. Inscriptions on stone; addenda and corrigenda
Source details :
Page(s) : 246-8
Figs. : 732,733
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1965
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ISSainsbury/25.02.1975/OS Archaeology Division Field Investigator
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 3: Archaeological newsbulletin
Source details : (D Coggins)
Page(s) : Dec-13
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15 - 1981
Source Number : 5
Source details : Peter Topping/26-NOV-1991/RCHME: Durham SAMs Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details : Durham
Page(s) : 11
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Shrine
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Shrine
Object Type : COIN, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DU 115
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Durham)
External Cross Reference Number : 2511
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 91 SE 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, SCARGILL MOOR
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1947-01-01
End Date : 1947-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 91 SE 5
Start Date : 1975-02-25
End Date : 1975-02-25
Associated Activities : Primary, SCARGILL MOOR
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1980-01-01
End Date : 1981-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: DURHAM SAMS PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1991-06-01
End Date : 1991-12-01