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Historic England Research Records

Brunton Turret

Hob Uid: 18297
Location :
Northumberland
Northumberland
Wall
Grid Ref : NY9213469846
Summary : The site of Brunton Turret, also known as Turret 26b. It is preserved with upstanding remains up to 2.8 metres high, and forms part of a 69 metre long section of Hadrian's Wall. Within the turret is a free-standing altar. The turret was first excavated by J. Clayton during 1873 and later by T. Hepple in 1930. It has since been consolidated. The turret measures twelve feet nine inches by eleven feet six inches internally, and is recessed about four feet into the wall. It has a doorway nearly four feet wide. The side walls of the turret are two feet nine inches thick. Hadrian's Wall forms the north wall of the turret, which was standing eleven courses high in 1947. Its south wall is nearly four feet high. On the east side of the turret the broad wall wing is joined by a narrow section of wall, indicating that the turrets were built first and the Wall was then built up to them. Near to Brunton Turret a centurial stone was found in situ with the inscription COH IX > PAV.APRI ('The century of Paulus Aper of the ninth cohort').
More information : [NY 9216 6983] Turret [G.S.] (Excavated A.D. 1873)
Roman Altar [G.S.] (1-2)

"The Turret, 26B, measures internally twelve feet nine inches by eleven feet six inches, and is recessed about four feet into the wall. It has a doorway nearly four feet wide. The wall, which forms its north wall, is standing eleven courses high, giving an elevation of eight feet and a half. The side walls of the turret are two feet nine inches thick. Its south wall is nearly four feet high. Altogether this is one of the finest specimens of a turret anywhere on the Wall". (3-4)

"About half a mile east of the station at Chesters (Cilernum), while laying bare one of the Wall turrets (in March 1880) a centurial stone was found" in situ "with the inscription COH IX > PAV.APRI ("The century of Paulus Aper of the ninth cohort"). The stone was retained by the owner of the land. [Turret 26B is the nearest to the siting given.] (5)

Correctly described above, and published survey (25") correct. See GPs. AO/65/157/5 & 6. The altar is free-standing within the turret. No further information concerning the centurial stone. (6)

First excavated by Clayton in 1873 (7a-b). This turret, up to 2.8m high, is consolidated and under guardianship. Revised NGR NY 9215 6983. Centurial stone now recorded under NY 96 NW 56. (7)

Brunton Turret, also known as Turret 26b, forms part of a 69 metre long section of Hadrian's Wall. Within the turret is a free-standing altar. The turret was first excavated by J. Clayton during 1873 and later by T. Hepple in 1930. It has since been consolidated. On the east side of the turret the broad wall wing is joined by a narrow section of wall, indicating that the turrets were built first and the Wall was then built up to them. (8)

There is a Roman altar preserved within Turret 26b (Brunton) (NY 96 NW 6). (10)

Depiction in the James Irwin Coates Archive (1879) shows the turret and 3 altars. (11)

An apparent inward curve of the ditch is possibly a remnant of the original arrangement of the Wall ditch converging with the Wall at the sites of turrets, the extra-wide berm that accommodated obstacles narrowing at these points and the obstacles themselves being ommitted immediately in front of the turret. This arrangement is not normally seen on the ground, because the Wall-ditch seems to have been recut on an alignment parallel with the Wall. (12)

Located on the English Heritage map of Hadrian's Wall 2010. (13)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1925
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 25" 1922
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 9
Source : Hadrian's Wall at Heddon-on-the-Wall, Planetrees, Brunton and Black Carts
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 10
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Keith Blood/12-SEP-1989/RCHME: Hadrian's Wall Project
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Source Number : 11
Source : Hadrian's Wall: archaeological research by English Heritage 1976-2000
Source details :
Page(s) : 16
Figs. : 38
Plates :
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Source Number : 12
Source : Hadrian's Wall 1999-2009
Source details :
Page(s) : 107
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Plates :
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Source Number : 13
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
Source details :
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Handbook to the Roman Wall, 10th edition. 1947 (JC Bruce)
Page(s) : 76
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : Series 2; vol 9 p234, vol 10 p57
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Source Number : 5
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (W Thompson Watkin)
Page(s) : 277
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1881
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 11-JAN-66
Page(s) :
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Plates :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Keith Blood/07-SEP-1989/RCHME: Hadrian's Wall Project
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Source Number : 7a
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : Simpson F G and Birley E 'Excavations on Hadrian's Wall between Heddon-on-the-Wall and North Tyne in 1930'
Page(s) : 134
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8, 1931
Source Number : 7b
Source : Handbook to the Roman Wall with the Cumbrian coast and outpost forts
Source details :
Page(s) : 105
Figs. :
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Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 14-Jul-97
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Built AD 122 -130
Monument End Date : 130
Monument Start Date : 122
Monument Type : Turret, Wall, Altar
Evidence : Find, Ruined Building, Structure

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Turret, Wall, Altar
Object Type : ALTAR
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Hadrian's Wall Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 9269/11
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26050
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 28
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : EH Property Number
External Cross Reference Number : 82
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Hadrian's Wall Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 9269/30
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 96 NW 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 18294
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 18291
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 938898
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1007938
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : TURRET 26B, BRUNTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1878-01-01
End Date : 1880-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 96 NW 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-01-11
End Date : 1966-01-11
Associated Activities : RCHME: HADRIAN'S WALL PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1993-08-01