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Historic England Research Records

Burrow Farm Mine

Hob Uid: 188486
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Brompton Regis
Grid Ref : ST0134034290
Summary : Openworking for ironstone visible as a swathe of slight earthworks around the Burrow Farm mine engine house (ST 03 SW 21).
More information : ST 00893453 & ST 00903445. Marks on APs. Nothing on ground (1)

These 'marks' fall within an area of the former Burrow Farm Iron Mine, and may be the result of mining activity. (2)

Despite no aerial photographic reference given by authority 1, the "marks on APs" are likely to be the earthwork remains of ironstone mining as suggested by authority 2. The earthworks, mainly shafts, were mapped from aerial photographs and extend from ST 0069 3454 to ST 0134 3429, with the main concentration near the engine house (see ST 03 SW 21). The shafts are in a linear pattern, aligned NW-SE, clearly following the ironstone seams, except for those at ST 0095 3443 which are aligned E-W and also have smaller scale workings. The mine was in operation between 1860 and 1883. A line of shafts to the north of the West Somerset Mineral Railway at ST 0087 3460 are assumed to be part of the same mining complex, as could isolated shafts to the east at ST 0140 3444. (3-6)

In a linear band some 50 m wide and 500 m long around the Burrow Farm mine Engine House are the remains of surface iron mining. The remains are visible on the ground as a swathe of disturbed ground. Their slightness may be due to deliberate infilling, and then subsequent agricultural improvements. The date of the mining is unclear, but it appears to predate the 19th century mining, and open working of this kind is generally associated with earlier iron working - they may be medieval or even earlier.
These remains were surveyed as part of a 1:1000 survey of the Burrow Farm mine complex carried out in Spring 1999 as part of RCHME's Exmoor Project; see also ST 03 SW 21. (7)

Recorded by NRIM. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" (L V Grinsell 1962)
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Source Number : 2
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : R2 DJG 29-JAN-85
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Source Number : 3
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1944 3145-3146 23-JAN-1947
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Source Number : 4
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 543/2821 (F62) 0289-0290 27-APR-1964
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Source Number : 5
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/70387 500-501 25-SEP-1970
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Source Number : 6
Source : The West Somerset mineral railway and the story of the Brendon Hills iron mines
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Page(s) : 27-8,47,100
Figs. : 39
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : R Wilson-North March 1999 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 8
Source : National Record of Industrial Monuments
Source details : Recorded by JF Brown, Dec-1964, Record No.SO52
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Source : Burrow Farm Iron Mine/pencil survey
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Source : Burrow Farm Iron Mine/ink survey
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Extant 1860-83
Monument End Date : 1883
Monument Start Date : 1860
Monument Type : Shaft, Ironstone Mine, Ironstone Workings
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 99/01479
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : NRI01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 33075
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 03 SW 20
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 188487
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, NATIONAL RECORD OF INDUSTRIAL MONUMENTS
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 1960-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: BRENDON HILLS MAPPING PROJECT, NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-10-01