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Historic England Research Records

Wall Cremation Cemetery

Hob Uid: 304419
Location :
Staffordshire
Lichfield
Wall
Grid Ref : SK0930006620
Summary : A Roman cremation cemetery of 1st to 2nd century date was excavated in 1923 and 1965 to the west of the Roman town of Wall (Letocetum). The cemetery may mark the town's extent in this direction. There are also cropmarks of enclosures in this area which may have a funerary purpose.
More information : Roman Cemetery - On Dec. 13th, 1923, Miss E D Henderson & Mr F Jackson, with members of the Walsall Hist. Assoc. excavated a small part of a field west of Wall. About 30 interments were found, but in all but one case, the urns had been broken. The one intact urn was of greyish clay, and contained besides bones & charcoal, coffin & sandal nails. A blue earthenware bead was also found. "The cemetery extends for a considerable distance on both sides of the road". (1)

(Area centred : SK 09300662) Interments have been found at various times on the high ground to the west of Letocetum. In 1927 an excavation was made by H R Hodgkinson in in Field 201, (OS Survey, 1923 Edn), on the N side of Watling Street. Nine graves were discovered, all of the interments after cremation. They were not arranged according to any plan, and are most numerous near the road. "In all cases the urns were in black earth containing wood charcoal and, in some cases, calcined bones. This appeared to have been deposited over or round the urns after they had been placed in position". This site has been dated from the pottery found, and the burial technique to the first or early second century. (2)

Nine cremation burials, 15 to 24 ins.below the surface were excavated in 1965 during work on the Wall By-Pass (Sited to SK 09300652 and SK 09310653 from plan in 3). The burials were dated to the latter half of the 1st century AD extending just into the 2nd century. (3)

A small rectangular ditched enclosure, perhaps associated with the Roman road and adjacent to its N side, appears to overlie the SE corner of the camp (NAR SK 00 SE 12); their relative chronology cannot be determined without excavation. An extensive area W of the forts and N of the Roman road is known to have contained cemeteries (NAR SK 00 NE 4), and it is possible that this enclosure, and a very small square cropmark with a possible central pit visible in the NE corner of the camp, may represent burials. Transcribed at 1:2500 during RCHME's Roman Camps in England Project. Plan available in the NMR Archive. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The North Staffordshire Field Club transactions
Source details : (Miss E D Henderson)
Page(s) : 185-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 59 - 1924-5
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Birmingham Archaeological Society
Source details : (H R Hodgkinson)
Page(s) : 308-11
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 52 - 1927
Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Lichfield and South Staffordshire Archaeological and Historical Society
Source details : (A Oswald)
Page(s) : 40-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8 - 1966-7
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Humphrey Welfare and Vivien Swan/1994/RCHME/ Roman Camps in England Project.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : Wall/pencil AP transcription
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : 1st to 2nd century
Monument End Date : 200
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Cremation Cemetery, Rectangular Enclosure, Square Enclosure
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ST15
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Staffordshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 2069
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Staffordshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 34
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Staffordshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 4889
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 00 NE 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 304437
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 919092
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 304404
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WALL (LETOCETUM)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1921-01-01
End Date : 1924-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD 201 (LETOCETUM)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1921-01-01
End Date : 1921-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WALL (LETOCETUM)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1927-01-01
End Date : 1927-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WALL 1 AND 2 ROMAN CAMPS
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31