HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Waddon Hill Roman Fort

Hob Uid: 193099
Location :
Dorset
Stoke Abbott
Grid Ref : ST4465001500
Summary : A Roman site, subsequently identified as a mid 1st century fort, located at Waddon Hill, Dorset. The earliest recorded finds were made by Boswell Stone in 1893 and consisted of coins, brooches and a quantity of military equipment, buckles, plume holders and a scabbard guard etc which have been restored and are exhibited at Bridport Museum. The site was excavated by Graham Webster from 1959-62. A substantial part of the fort has been destroyed by stone quarrying but the excavations showed that it was about 270 ft wide and at least 400 ft long. In the central area various timber buildings were found; these were identified as the principia, praetorium and possibly the valetudinarium. Although some native pottery was found there was insufficient evidence to suggest an IA occupation on the hilltop. Later excavations up to 1969, revealed more timber buildings which could be barrack blocks. The fort at Waddon Hill apparently had a mixed garrison of legionaries and auxiliary cavalry, although as a large part of the site has been destroyed by quarrying, the details can never be clear. It continued in use until after AD 60.
More information : (ST 44650150) Roman Settlement (R) (1)

A Roman site, subsequently identified as a mid 1st century fort, located at Waddon Hill, Dorset. The earliest recorded finds were made by Boswell Stone in 1893 and consisted of coins, brooches and a quantity of military equipment, buckles, plume holders and a scabbard guard etc which have been restored and are exhibited at Bridport Museum.

The site was excavated by Graham Webster from 1959-62. A substantial part of the fort has been destroyed by stone quarrying but the excavations showed that it was about 270 ft wide and at least 400 ft long. (2)

In the central area various timber buildings were found; these were identified as the principia, praetorium and possibly the valetudinarium. (3) Although some native pottery was found there was insufficient evidence to suggest an IA occupation on the hilltop. (2)

Later excavations up to 1969, revealed more timber buildings which could be barrack blocks (4) (2-5)

The fort at Waddon Hill apparently had a mixed garrison of legionaries and auxiliary cavalry, although as a large part of the site has been destroyed by quarrying, the details can never be clear. It continued in use until after A.D. 60. (6)

The final excavation report was published in 1979. General conclusions were in line with those above. (7)

A bronze brooch, said to be from Waddon Hill, is now in the Poole Museum collection. It may be compared with the aucissa type, and is consistent with the early Roman occupation known on this site. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1962
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 88-108
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 135-149
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 86, 1964
Source Number : 4
Source : Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 180
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 91, 1969
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Roman Conquest Britain. 1965. 105-107 (D R Dudley & G Webster)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The Roman West Country : classical culture and Celtic society
Source details :
Page(s) : 23
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 51-90
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 101, 1979
Source Number : 8
Source : Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 187
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 104, 1982

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Fort, Building
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Fort, Building
Object Type : BROOCH, COIN, BUCKLE
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DO 779
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Dorset)
External Cross Reference Number : 14
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 40 SW 15
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WADDON HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1959-01-01
End Date : 1969-12-31