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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 194019

Hob Uid: 194019
Location :
Somerset
South Somerset
Pitney
Grid Ref : ST4505030060
Summary : Excavations in 1828-9 uncovered the site of a 3rd-4th century AD Roman courtyard villa with Mosaics, Hypocausts and Painted Wall Plaster, nothing now visible.
More information : [ST 45103007] Roman Villa [GS] (site of) (1)

An extensive villa situated on the N.slope of a steep hill bordering on King's Sedge-moor. It is a courtyard type (325' E-W x 210' N-S) and was excavated by Samuel Hassell 1828-9 (No.13 on his plan). Baths and many other rooms, some with figured mosaics, painted wall plaster, lead water pipes, hypocausts etc. About 100 yds. E.of the villa, in the ruins of a small building likened to the remains of a dove cot, tiles and fragments of inscriptions were dug up, together with pieces of lachcrymatories and human skeletons; also many coins (large brass) of Vespasian and the Antonines.
An inscription reading: Vixisin
Triginta
Qv<>ecapi
Nonoa
found here, is now in the Admiral Blake Museum, Bridgwater. (2-4)

The Pitney villa should be ascribed to the 3rd & 4th c. A.D., the mosaics probably dating from the period A.D. 300-350.
[Plan: See photos AO/64/106/8 and A064/107/2]. (5)

At the O.S. siting is an area of uneven ground. There are no intelligable remains. Some finds from the villa are in Taunton Museum. Acc. Nos. A.480-4 and A.3364. (6)

SO 46 Listed as the site of a ROman villa. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1962
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Pitney Pavement 1831 pp10-20 figs plans, map. (R. Colt Hoare)
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Somerset: volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 326-7
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Source Number : 4
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : (H.S.L. Dewar)
Page(s) : 158-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 94, 1948
Source Number : 4a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Letter (Hasell to Hoare) 6-2-1831 (in Laver Collection Taunton Museum)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Somerset Co. Museum Publications No. 2 1954 p2 (C.A. Ralegh Radford & H.S.L. Dewar)
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JP 27-SEP-66
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Source Number : 7
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 170
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 399
Monument Start Date : 200
Monument Type : Villa, Hypocaust, Mosaic, Human Remains
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Villa, Hypocaust, Mosaic, Human Remains
Object Type : WALL PLASTER
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 54407
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : SO 275
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 43 SE 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, PITNEY ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1828-01-01
End Date : 1829-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 43 SE 17
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-09-27
End Date : 1966-09-27