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Historic England Research Records

Coopers Hole

Hob Uid: 194578
Location :
Somerset
Sedgemoor
Cheddar
Grid Ref : ST4682054020
Summary : A cave with an entrance on the south side of the road through Cheddar Gorge. The front of the cave has been quarried back, and the interior contains substantial quantities of debris deposited during an episode of flooding in the late 1960s. Exploration in 1931-2 by RF Parry recovered Iron Age pottery from the cave and from the area of the car park immediately to the south, as well as the remains of domesticated and wild animals. One sheep bone with a hole bored through the middle was described as a "bobbin". A female inhumation was also found in the car park area. In 1966 these finds were on display at the museum at Gough's Cave (ST 45 SE 10). Explorations were also undertaken by the University of Bristol Speleaological Society in the late 1930s, and by several cavers subsequently, primarily in the belief that Cooper's Hole may have led to a much larger cave system, although no evidence to support this idea has ever been found. In 1998 the cave was investigated by Channel 4's Time Team. A flint implement and a deposit of animal bones, the latter below the stalagmite layer and thus potentially of very early, perhaps Palaeolithic, date had been found during cave exploration in the 1950s. Waterlogging prevented re-investigation of this deposit. However, a few sheep bones were found elsewhere within the cave system which have been suggested to be probably Prehistoric on the basis of probable cut marks made by a flint tool. A trench was also dug in the car park in front of the present cave entrance, but could not be taken down as far as the postulated Palaeolithic levels for safety reasons.
More information : [Name ST 4680 5402] Cooper's hole [T.I.]. (1)

Cooper's Hole: E.I.A. pottery found. (2)

The entrance to Cooper's Hole is by the road side at ST 46825402.
Early Iron Age pottery from this case and from the car park
immediately to the south, centred at ST 46785400, together with
a skeleton of a woman from the car park are displayed at the museum
of Gough's Cavern. (3-5)

ST 4682 5402. The cave was investigated by the Time Team (Channel 4 television programme) in 1998. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960
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Source Number : 2
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr. 6" (E.K. Tratman, 1962)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GHP 24-MAR-66
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Source Number : 3a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Stanton, WI. 1965. Map of the caves of Cheddar Gorge.
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Liversidge, J. Roman Villas, Appx, VI.
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Stewart Ainsworth/22-APR-1998/RCHME: Time Team
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Source Number : 7
Source : Wells Natural History and Archaeological Society annual report, together with the annual reports of the Mendip Nature Research Committee and Museum reports
Source details :
Page(s) : 52
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 43, 1933
Source Number : 8
Source : British caving : an introduction to speleology
Source details :
Page(s) : 282-3
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Source Number :
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Johnson, P. 1967. The History of Mendip Caving; David & Charles, Newton Abbot [especially Chapter 14 - "The Lost Cave of Cheddar", pp185-8].
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Cave, Inhumation
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Prehistoric
Display Date : Prehistoric
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -500000
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Findspot, Inhumation
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Cave, Inhumation
Object Type : VESSEL, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Prehistoric
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Object Material : Flint

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 10395
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 45 SE 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, COOPERS HOLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1931-01-01
End Date : 1932-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 45 SE 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-03-24
End Date : 1966-03-24
Associated Activities : Primary, COOPER'S HOLE (TIME TEAM)
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31