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Historic England Research Records

Long Hole And Slitter Cave

Hob Uid: 194590
Location :
Somerset
Sedgemoor
Cheddar
Grid Ref : ST4668053870
Summary : The Slitter originally comprised a steep scree slope which led up to Long Hole Cave, which is located some 150 feet up the cliff face at Cheddar. Numerous finds came from both, though many discoveries of the 19th and early 20th century are poorly recorded, if at all. In the early 20th century, much of The Slitter was removed without record. Excavations by Gough in 1887-8 recovered Roman finds from both, including human remains, iron spearheads, pottery, and coins "sealed together in little heaps" - late 4th/early 5th century in date. Prior to 1934, a Bronze Age palstave was recovered from the Slitter. The majority of the finds from the site are in the museum at Gough's Cave (ST 45 SE 10), although the human remains were presented to the museum of the University of Bristol Speleological Society. Among the coins possibly attributed to the cave is bronze coin of Rome of circa 500 AD. The coins have become confused with those from Gough's Old Cave (ST 45 SE 114), but at least 375 in total appear to have come from Long Hole and the Slitter, ranging from Nero to the early 5th century (plus the coin of 500 AD noted above), with a particular emphasis on the period 306-395. Roman pottery is represented by at least 18 vessels each from the Slitter and Long Hole. Copper alloy objects include finger rings, bracelets and steelyards. Other Roman finds include part of a rotary quern, plus iron spearheads and some spindle whorls.
More information : [Name ST 467 538]Long Hole [T.I.]. (1)

ST 4667 5389. The Slitter and Long Hole Cave. The former consisted
originally of a steep scree slope (part destroyed when building
the Cave Man Restaurant) leading up to long Hole Cave, alias 'The
Roman Cave' some 150' up in the cliff face.

R.B. occupation of Long Hole cave is attested by finds made by
Gough, 1887/8 and subsequently in the Slitter below. These include
human remains (of at least 15 individuals, aged 4-45), iron
spears, pottery, etc. and coins of late Emperors' 'sealed together
in little heaps'. Boon lists 376 coins dating from the 1st-4th
cents. found here and in Goughs Old Cave, and comments that the
Bronze coins making the Valentinian total, 284, probably came from
a hoard.

A post A.D. 395 coin of Arcadius and a quasi-autonomous bronze of
Rome, C. A.D.500, is included in the collection, now in the museum
at Goughs Cavern. It is not possible to associate the coins
specifically with either find spot. (C.F. ST 45 S.E. 10, Goughs
Cavern).

Before 1934 the slitter deposit yielded a bronze palstave: The human
remains from here were presented U.B.S.S. Museum, 1951. (1-5)

The entrance to the Long hole is at ST 46685387. The majority of
the finds from this cave are displayed in the museum at Gough's
Cavern.

Positioned at 1:2500. (6)

Additional reference. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Tratman, EK
Page(s) : 110-14
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7(2), 1955
Source Number : 3
Source : Numismatic chronicle
Source details : Boon, GC. Roman Coins from Gough's Old Cave and The Slitter, Cheddar.
Page(s) : 231-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17, 1957
Source Number : 4
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Somerset: volume one
Source details : Haverfield, F. Romano-British Somerset.
Page(s) : 359
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1906
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Balch HE. 1947. Mendip - Cheddar, its Gorge & Caves 30-37
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GHP 25-MAR-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Stanton WI. 1965. Map of caves of Cheddar Gorge.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Tratman, EK
Page(s) : 42-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 11, 1966
Source Number : 8
Source : Romano-British cavemen : cave use in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 102
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19
Source Number : 9
Source : A gazetteer of Romano-British cave sites and their finds
Source details :
Page(s) : 130-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot, Cave
Evidence : Find, Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 510
Monument Start Date : 490
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : PALSTAVE
Object Material : Bronze
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot, Cave
Object Type : COIN HOARD, HUMAN REMAINS, SPEAR, VESSEL, STEELYARD, BRACELET, FINGER RING, ROTARY QUERN
Object Material : Iron, Pottery, Copper Alloy, Bronze, Stone
Period : Early Medieval
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : COIN
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 45 SE 9
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 194587
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LONG HOLE/ROMAN CAVE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1966-01-01
End Date : 1966-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 45 SE 9
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-03-25
End Date : 1966-03-25