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Historic England Research Records

Soldiers Hole

Hob Uid: 194602
Location :
Somerset
Sedgemoor
Cheddar
Grid Ref : ST4686054000
Summary : A rock shelter at Cheddar located circa 150 feet above the road. Excavations in the 1920s found Roman pottery and coins, Iron Age material, Neolithic pottery and flints (including a partly polished flint axe), plus Palaeolithic flints and animal remains. In addition, Wells Museum possesses a Bronze Age globular urn with a Soldier's Hole provenance, and a Late Bronze Age socketed bronze axe, also apparently from the cave, is on display in the museum at Gough's Cavern (ST 45 SE 10).
More information : [ST 4690 5398] SOLDIERS' HOLE [G.T.]. (1)

Rock shelter, 150' above the road. Excavated 1925-6 and later.
R.B. pottery, a coin (copy of a third brass of Claudius ii), E.I.A.
material, Ne. sherds and flints, including a partly polished
flint axe were found in a disturbed top layer.

The bottom two layers of the deposit contained flints of La
Madeleine and Solutrian type. The faunal remains in these layers
were late Pleistocene.

Finds in Goughs Cavern Mus. Piggott lists a B.A. Globular urn
from Soldiers Hole in Wells Museum. (2-6)

Soldier's Hole is at ST 4686 5400. In addition to the finds listed
above a single looped socketted axe is displayed in the museum of
Gough's Cavern.
Positioned at 1:2500. (7)

Additional reference. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : British caving : an introduction to speleology
Source details :
Page(s) : 200, 240
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1st edition, 1953
Source Number : 10
Source : A gazetteer of Romano-British cave sites and their finds
Source details :
Page(s) : 133
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Balch, HE. 1947. Mendip - Cheddar, its Gorge and Caves. pp42-46.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 49-53
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 76
Source Number : 5
Source : The Antiquaries journal : journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London
Source details : Balch, HE. Excavations at Wookey Hole and Other Mendip Caves, 1926-7.
Page(s) : 193-209
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8, 1928
Source Number : 6
Source : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 187
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4, 1938
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GHP 24-MAR-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Stanton, WI. 1965. Map of the caves of Cheddar Gorge.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain: a study of man and nature in the Late Ice Age
Source details :
Page(s) : 100, 117
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : II
Source Number : 9
Source : Romano-British cavemen : cave use in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 102
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Palaeolithic
Display Date : Palaeolithic
Monument End Date : -10000
Monument Start Date : -500000
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Late Bronze Age
Display Date : Late Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -1200
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Uncertain Evidence
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature

Components and Objects:
Period : Palaeolithic
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Flint
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT, POLISHED AXEHEAD, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery, Flint
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Late Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Object Material : Bronze
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : COIN, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 13204
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 10393
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 45 SE 13
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 194747
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : SOLDIERS HOLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1927-01-01
End Date : 1929-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 45 SE 13
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-03-24
End Date : 1966-03-24