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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 195159

Hob Uid: 195159
Location :
North Somerset
Congresbury
Grid Ref : ST4300063000
Summary : Congresbury may have been the site of a Celtic monastery, and was reputedly refounded as a collegiate church or minster at the beginning of the 8th century. According to Capgrave, a hermit Gungar, with the help of King Ine, circa 711, founded a collegiate church for 12 canons, and King Edgar is said to have further endowed it. Congresbury and Banwell seem to have been the two monasteries granted by King Alfred to Asser, circa 888. There is also a tradition of a bishopric at Congresbury before the bishopric of Athelm of Wells (909). St Congar's body was buried in the monastery. The site is unknown. It may be under or near the later present parish church, although the hillfort at Cadbury Hill has been suggested as an alternative.
More information : Congresbury: Early monastery founded by St. Cyngan circa A.D. 530? (1)

Legends of a 2nd century bishopric founded from Wales by St Fagan (Ffagan) and St Deruvian (Dyfan) temp. King Lucius(a), can be ignored (b). According to Capgrave, a hermit Gungar, with the help of King Ine, circa 711 founded a collegiate church for 12 canons, and King Edgar is said further to have endowed it(a) Congresbury and Banwell seem to have been the two monasteries granted by King Alfred to Asser, circa 888(c). There is a tradition of a bishopric at Congresbury before temp. Athelm of Well (909) (d). (2)

Some pottery found at Cadbury Hill Hillfort (see ST 46 SW 1) has Christian symbols and Alcock suggests that this is the site of an early monastery, but there is no conclusive archaeological evidence. (3-4)

Congresbury appears to have been the site of a Celtic monastery and later Saxon monastic establishment. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : C.W. Phillips, D.A. Index. [No references given]
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Source Number : 2
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 471
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Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Notitia Monastica 1744 460-1 (Tanner)
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Source Number : 2b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : History of Wales 1939 103 & n (J. E. Lloyd)
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Source Number : 2c
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Notitia Monastica 1744 589n (Tanner) Asser 340-1 (W.H.Stevenson) C.N.L.Brooke
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Source Number : 2d
Source : The Victoria history Somerset, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 03-Apr
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Source Number : 3
Source : British Archaeological Report (BAR) British series
Source details : P Rahtz and L Watts. The End of Roman Britain (ed P J Casey)
Page(s) : 196-9
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Vol(s) : 71, 1979
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Arthur's Britain 1971 219 (L Alcock)
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Source Number : 5
Source : The origins of Somerset
Source details :
Page(s) : 78, 104
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Founded circa 710
Monument End Date : 720
Monument Start Date : 700
Monument Type : Monastery
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Documented as extant
Monument End Date : 888
Monument Start Date : 888
Monument Type : Minster
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 46 SW 16
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :