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Historic England Research Records

Hope Wood Hole

Hob Uid: 197107
Location :
Somerset
Mendip
St. Cuthbert Out
Grid Ref : ST5216048440
Summary : A rock shelter at Cook's Hill Wood first explored by the Westminster Speleological Society in circa 1950. Animal remains and an iron axe-head were found. Further excavations in 1951 in conjunction with the Bristol Folk House Archaeological Club uncovered a crouched inhumation plus sherds of pottery, described as Bronze Age. A fragment of Romano-British olla was also found, and one or two flints including a Bronze Age scraper were found outside the cave. Not included in Branigan and Dearne's gazetteer of caves yielding evidence of Romano-British use, although it is possible they have confused it with the nearby Bracelet Cave (ST 54 NW 34).
More information : 519486 - a rift in the rock at Cook's Hill Wood was
opened up by the Westminster Spelaeological Society in 1950. It
is situated near the Wookey Hole/Priddy road at about the
600 ft contour, and is reached by leaving the road, crossing
the open grass space, negotiating the barbed wire fence, and
descending a rough track for a few yards. Turning right to the
base of a rock bluff the rift is reached. Animal bones and an
iron axe-head of unknown date were found.

Further excavations in 1951 by the Society in conjunction with
the Bristol Folk House Archaeological Club, revealed a crouched
human skeleton together with a few sherds of pottery. The
latter in the opinion of Dr. Hubert Savory, represented a
Middle Bronze Age cinerary urn, and a Late Bronze age urn of
Deverel Rimbury type. The skeleton cannot be considered as
contemporary with the pottery, due to cremation prevailing in
the Bronze Age. It is suggested that this is an Iron Age burial
in a cleft which already contained the urns.

Above the level of the bones a piece of RB olla was found on a
rock. Subsequent examination of the adjoining rock-shelter,
only revealed one or two flint fragments and a Bronze Age or
later scraper from outside the cave. (1)

The rock shelter, known as Hope Wood Hole, is at ST 52164844. (2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : Mason, D
Page(s) : 186-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 97, 1951-2
Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JP 13-OCT-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : E.J. Mason Westbury on Trym, Bristol
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : A gazetteer of Romano-British cave sites and their finds
Source details :
Page(s) : 150
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Crouched Inhumation, Rock Shelter
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Later Prehistoric
Display Date : Later Prehistoric
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Rock Shelter, Crouched Inhumation
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Crouched Inhumation, Rock Shelter
Object Type : VESSEL, SCRAPER (TOOL)
Object Material : Pottery, Flint
Period : Later Prehistoric
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter, Crouched Inhumation
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material :
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Object Type : VESSEL, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Uncertain
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : AXEHEAD
Object Material : Iron

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 2/44/16
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 54 NW 35
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 197104
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : COOKS HILL WOOD CAVE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1951-01-01
End Date : 1951-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 54 NW 35
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-10-13
End Date : 1966-10-13