HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Mote Hills

Hob Uid: 19720
Location :
Northumberland
Northumberland
Elsdon
Grid Ref : NY9375093500
Summary : Medieval motte and bailey castle, surviving as an earthwork, built on the site of an Anglian Moot. The Motte is 15m high and 80m in diameter. The bailey measures 72m E-W by 48m N-S. The castle was probably built by Robert de Umfraville in the 11th century AD and was probably the predecessor of the family seat at Harbottle. Scheduled. A Roman inscribed stone was found in the Motte, possibly from the site of Bremenium (Rochester).
More information : (NY 93759350) Mote Hills (LB). (1)

The motte and bailey, constructed by Robert de Umfraville not long after the Norman Conquest, occupies the spur of a hill with the mound some 50ft high from the road which borders on the west side. The top is 150ft in diameter. On the north and east sides the bank is 5 to 10ft high enclosed by a ditch some 30ft deep from the top of the bank. The strongly defended bailey is to the north, and the total area of occupation is about 3 1/2 acres. (2-4)

A Roman inscirbed stone, now in two pieces, was found in the motte, and probable originated from Bremenium (Rochester) and was used as building material. Now in the Chapter House Library, Durham. Animal bones and an urn containing a cremation have been found in part of the motte.
Scheduled. (5)

Remains of a motte and bailey, constructed from a natural mound, now a turf covered and showing no traces of stonework or internal occupation.

A crescentic ditch separates the motte from the bailey which is to the north. The top of the mound has been levelled and the spoil thrown up into a massive rampart around the north and east sides. The entrance is through the south side. The bailey has been similarly levelled with a rampart on its north and east sides.
The outer ditch around the whole work, except on the west side, is of no great depth. (6)

In good condition. Published survey (25") revised. (7)

NY 9375 9351. Mote Hills motte & bailey castle. Scheduled RSM No21039. The motte, roughly circular in plan with a flat top, stands to a maximum height of 15m and is 80m in diameter at its base and 46m across the top. It is surrounded on the N and E by a strong earthen rampart 1.5m to 3m high. The bailey is situated to the N of the motte and is separated from it by a broad crescent shaped ditch 15m wide. The bailey is roughly rectangular in shape and has maximum internal measurements of 72m E-W by 48m N-S; it is strongly defended on all sides by a massive earthen rampart averaging 20m wide and 10m high. A shallow outer ditch 15m wide surrounds the entire complex. The castle is believed to have been built by Robert de Umfraville in the
11th century AD and was probably the predecessor of the family seat at Harbottle. (8)

Listed by Cathcart King. (9)

Elsdon was the Anglian capital of Redesdale, their Moot being located here. After the Conquest, Redesdale was created a liberty with Elsdon as its capital messuage. he motte and bailey was constructed soon after the Conquest and is the best-preserved in Northumberland. in 1384 it became the headqurters of the Middle March. In 1547 the Liberty of Redesdale ceased, administration passing to the sheriff of Northumberland. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1921-1948
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Northumberland County History
Source details : (Ed M Hope Dodds)
Page(s) : 36, 151
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15 - 1940
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Three Northern Counties of England 1939 329 (Sir C Headlam)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : A history of Northumberland, volume two : the parishes of Embleton, Ellingham, Howick, Long Houghton and Lesbury
Source details :
Page(s) : 97-98
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.2 - 1827
Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Anc Mons Eng & Wales 1967 83
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 17-MAY-57
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 BHP 14-DEC-70
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage Scheduling Amendment 3/12/93
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 332
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Feb-83
Source Number : 10
Source : Bastions and Belligerents: Medieval Strongholds in Northumberland
Source details :
Page(s) : 325-30
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Inscribed Stone
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Late Saxon
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 871
Monument Type : Moot
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Probably C11
Monument End Date : 1100
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 84
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 21039
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 99 SW 15
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 99 SW 15
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1957-05-17
End Date : 1957-05-17
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 99 SW 15
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-12-14
End Date : 1970-12-14