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Historic England Research Records

Fairy Toot

Hob Uid: 198102
Location :
North Somerset, Bath and North East Somerset
Nempnett Thrubwell, Butcombe
Grid Ref : ST5205061790
Summary : Remains of a Neolithic long barrow partly destroyed for road stone in 1788. A transepted gallery containing skeletal remains were found.
More information : [ST 52056179] Fairy Toot [TI]
Long Barrow [GT]. (1)

Fairy Toot comprises the remains of a long barrow with
transepted gallery. In 1788 it was 150 feet N-S and 75 feet
E-W and 40 feet high. It was being destroyed for road metalling
and T. Bere describes a port-hole stone which led to a gallery
with several chambers containing skeletal remains. Only a
single human cranium is now in Bristol City Museum. The bulk of
the barrow was made of small white stones covered with 5-6
inches of soil. [See AO/62/302/6 for an 18th C. view of the
barrow.]

The barrow is now divided into two mounds, ten feet in diameter
and four feet high; a cowshed occupies part of the site. (2-4)

The most obvious remains of this long barrow is a small tree
covered mound 2.5m high. This is composed of small limestone
slabs and it would seem that the old lime kiln immediately
to the south used stone from the barrow. To the north of the
mound a crescentic scarp, maximum height 0.9m, almost certainly
represents the northern extremity of the barrow.

Surveyed at 1:2500 (See AO/65/237/2 for an 18th/19th century
illustration of the gallery) (a). (5)


References to a lost cave at Burrington, containing not less the 100
skeletons, possibly due to confusion in early sources with Fairy Toot long barrow, although there is no suggestion that as many as 100
skeletons were found here (6-7)

The aerial photographs of this area were examined as part of the Mendip Hills AONB project of the National Mapping Programme. No evidence for this site was seen on the available aerial photographs (8).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Gent's Mag. 59 1789, 392ff illust (T. Bere)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc. UBSS, 2, 1925, 278 (E.K. Tratman)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Arch. of Wessex 1958 23, 29 (L.V. Grinsell)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GHP 17-NOV-65
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Source Number : 5a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Braikenridge's Collinson 2, 122 (undated)
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : PUBSS 7 1953-4,35-39 (G Boon,D Donovan)
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist of Mendip Caving 1967 184 (P Johnson)
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Source Number : 8
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Russell Priest/17-JUN-2009/Gloucestershire County Council: Mendip Hills AONB NMP
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Chambered Long Barrow, Inhumation
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22826
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 56 SW 10
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 56 SW 10
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-11-17
End Date : 1965-11-17
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: MENDIP HILLS AONB NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2006-02-01
End Date : 2009-05-01