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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 199497

Hob Uid: 199497
Location :
Dorset
Sherborne
Grid Ref : ST6245015290
Summary : Excavations have uncovered the site of a Roman villa, it is partially overlain by a railway line.
More information : [ST 62451529] Roman Tesselated pavement found AD 1836 [TI] (1)

Pavement originally 13' square - chequered border enclosing an interlaced quilloche 8-pointed star framing a scene of Apollo & Manayas. Centre portion now reset in dairy floor of Sherborne Castle [now a museum]. (2)

As above, presumed villa (a) (b) (c). Described in a note on the back of a drawing in Dorset County Museum as "a floor belonging to a Roman bath". Cropmarks observed by C.E. Bean (d) gave support to OS siting, but in 1951, when H. Greenwood cut trial trenches, all the ground S. of the railway was found to be disturbed & yielded only pottery & poss. fragments of a stone mortar. "In the garden of the railway cottage immediately NW of the level crossing [cottage shown at ST 62411528], Mr Greenwood was shown some walling a few inches below the surface which proved to be faced with dressed blocks of about 8" x 10" x 10". It was impossible to follow this as it lay under the garden, & trial holes on the N. side of the garden did not encounter further walls. These discoveries, & the lie of the ground, led Mr Greenwood to suppose that the site of the villa lies across the rly & at an angle to it. If so it may have been damaged by the railway which was opened in June, 1860" (e). (3)

Lethnay Roman Villa - (N.G. Ref. ST 62371530) "Traces of the robbed east walls of this villa showed in ripening corn to the east of the level crossing running up to the railway fence." (4)

The railway verge and adjoining field are grass covered, at the position shown by the O.S. siting symbol with no surface indications of a building. A small trial trench was dug in a N-S direction for approximately 4.0m. running S. from the position of the O.S. siting symbol. Much disturbed ground and loose stone was encountered, and at the S. end of the trench some apparently collapsed stone walling was found. This was 0.5m. wide and 0.3m. beneath the surface, and seemed to extend in an E-W direction. Other finds from this trench consisted of fragments of gritty black ware, and red-brown ware, and a piece of combed tile. All the above finds support the O.S. symbol. The site of the small excavation made in the cottage garden N. of the railway (T.3) was pointed out by the tenant of the cottage, and was at ST 62401527 'A'. The small area, 3.0m. x 2.0m. was partly reopened during field investigation. No evidence of Ro. occupation was found, but large stones intermixed with modern debris to a depth of 1.0m., below which was undisturbed silt and sand. The cottage is stone built, and the stones, of irregular size are perhaps foundation rubble. (5)

DO 27 Listed as the site of a Roman villa. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1930
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Source Number : 2
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in Dorset. Vol. I : west
Source details :
Page(s) : 199-200
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 11-JUL-55
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Source Number : 6
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 54
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Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : J British Archaeol Assoc 1 1846 p57
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Source Number : 2b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Warne: Dorset, Vestiges I
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Dorset Nat Hist Archaeol Soc LXXIII 1951 pp111-2 (RAH Farrar)
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Source Number : 3d
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Archaeol J II 1846 pp85-6
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Source Number : 3e
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Archaeol J XXII 1865 pp360-1
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Source Number : 3f
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Dorset Nat Hist Archaeol Soc LXXII 1950 p79
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Source Number : 3g
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Dorset Nat Hist Archaeol Soc LV 1933 p81
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Dorset Nat Hist Archaeol Soc 72 1950 p79 (C.E. Bean)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Villa
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Dorset)
External Cross Reference Number : 1 101 002
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 61 NW 51
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LENTHAY GREEN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1836-01-01
End Date : 1836-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LENTHAY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1951-01-01
End Date : 1951-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 61 NW 51
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1955-07-11
End Date : 1955-07-11