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Historic England Research Records

Amesbury 43 (Goddard)

Hob Uid: 942691
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1202742782
Summary : A Bronze Age bell barrow, known as Amesbury 43, survives as earthworks and forms part of the Cursus barrow cemetery (Monument Number 219681). The round barrow measures 60m in diameter and comprises a roughly circular central mound, 3.4m high, which sits on a plinth and is surrounded by a concentric ring ditch. Berms separate the mound from the edge of the plinth, and the bottom of the plinth and the ditch. The barrow was opened by Lord Pembroke in 1722, reopened by Stukeley in 1723 and is Colt Hoare's Barrow 28. It was listed as Amesbury 43 by Goddard and by Grinsell (as a bell barrow). In 1913 Maud Cunnington noted it was in good condition having never been ploughed. The round barrow was surveyed by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The north and eastern parts of the barrow have been damaged by construction of the mid-18th century turnpike road (Monument Number 959704).
More information : `A' - SU 12024278; Amesbury 43, a bell barrow with an overall diameter of 185ft. (1) Colt Hoare's barrow 28, opened by Lord Pembroke in 1722, no record of excavation. (2)

Amesbury 43; a ditched bell barrow 58m in overall diameter and 4.2m high, has a central mutilation. (3)

Originally recorded as Amesbury 43 by Goddard. With a note by Maud Cunnington: condition good, 1913, never ploughed. (4)

The barrow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (6-8)

In 1723 Stukeley dug to a depth of 10ft and found a heap of coggles or flints at 6ft but nothing beneath them. (9)

The Bronze Age bell barrow referred to above (1-9) was surveyed at 1:1000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The round barrow measures 60m in diameter and comprises a roughly circular central mound, 3.4m high, which sits on a plinth and is surrounded by a concentric ring ditch. Berms separate the barrow mound from the edge of the plinth (measuring 3.5m to 5m wide) and the bottom of the plinth and the ring-ditch (between 1m and 6m wide). The top of the mound measures 9m and the base is 14m in diameter. The ring ditch measures 8m wide and 0.7m deep. The plinth, which has a diameter of 38m, suggests at least two phases of construction activity.

The north and eastern parts of the barrow mound were damaged by construction of the 18th century turnpike road (Monument Number 959704). A corresponding rise is visible where the route crosses the ditch to the north-west of the mound. Two Bronze Age pottery sherds found during the survey suggest cremation burials are likely to be found on the lower berm. The roughly circular depression in the top of the mound may relate to an early excavation and damage on the southern side of the mound is probably due to more recent tree cover. (10-11)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : LV Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 207
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 2
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 160-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Amadio, L & Bishop, S 'The Cursus Barrows and surrounding area.' Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. Archaeological Survey Report. RDRS 85/2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) : 85-2010
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 11-APR-69
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : EH Goddard: A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 168
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Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 5
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 703
Page(s) : 237
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Source Number : 6
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : USAAF US/7PH/GP/LOC122 1050-1052 24-DEC-1943
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Source Number : 7
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1242/127 (WAP 11820/27306) XX-XXX-1977
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Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1142/64 (15197/23) 03-JAN-1995
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Source Number : 9
Source : Stukeley's Stonehenge: an unpublished manuscript 1721-1724
Source details :
Page(s) : 96-97
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Source Number : 10
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/28-MAY-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bell Barrow, Ring Ditch, Circular Platform, Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10452
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW744
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 425
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 219815
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 942709
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942712
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 959704
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 942696
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942705
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942703
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31