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Historic England Research Records

Saltford Brass Mill

Hob Uid: 200983
Location :
Bath And North East Somerset
Bath And North East Somerset
Saltford
Grid Ref : ST6871567007
Summary : The Saltford Brass Mill, an important industrial site comprising a battery mill and complete annealing furnace for the brass industry. The mill was established in the 1720s and ceased working in 1924. Water powered at first, the battery mills were replaced by rolling mills between 1760 and 1830. The buildings were refurbished between 1862 and 1899. The main block of interconnecting single-storey buildings is built of local rubble stone with ashlar quoins. Mostly early 19th century buildings survive on the site, along with important survivals of machinery and fittings. Sections of the complex were re-roofed under the aegis of English Heritage in the 1990s.
More information : (ST 68716700) Brass Works (NAT). (1)

Old brass mill, Saltford, a complex building on an island site
between the River Avon and the mill lade to the west. It is the
only surviving brass mill building in the Keynsham area, the
last of an industry which began in 1706.

The Saltford mill probably dates from the early 19th century
and worked until 1924. The mill comprises three parallel ranges running east-west without gable walls towards the river. An undershot wheel with metal blades and some related machinery survives in an open arched recess facing south.

On the north side is the former annealing furnace, believed now to be unique but once typical of the local industry, and its tall square stack.

This important industrial monument is to be restored (1980) and eventually become a small museum of the Avon valley industry. (2-6)

Grade II (7)

The mill buildings are not in use and the initial stages of disrepair are evident with slipped roof tiles etc. The buildings fall within a property used for boat moorings and repairs with the nameboard "The Old Brass Mills". (8)


Additional reference (9)

A battery mill was established at Saltford in the 1720s, where a new design of annealing furnace was developed by the Bristol brass industry. Its importance in the history of European non-ferrous metallurgy was recognised in 1964, and in 1979 the Avon Industrial Building Trust was set up to manage the site and carry out conservation work on other buildings. Preliminary excavations prior to proposed development revealed an early anvil base and battery remains. (10)

Additional references (11-12)

Saltford Brass Mill is a Scheduled Monument. The mill was founded 1721, closed 1925. The remains are remarkably complete. (13)

Additional reference. (14)

Details of blast furnaces. (15)

Additional references: overviews of this important site (16-17).

Recorded by NRIM. The battery mills closed in 1908 and were the last working mills of this type in England. (180

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1888
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Source Number : 2
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Wansdyke District June 1975
Page(s) : 29
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 13: Newsletter
Source details : Autumn
Page(s) : 21
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1,071,987
Source Number : 12
Source : A guide to the industrial heritage of Avon and its borders
Source details :
Page(s) : 36
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Avon, date scheduled 15-OCT-1984
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Day J, 1973: "Bristol Brass: The History of The Industry", pp 89, 149, 151, 165, 167, 169-171.
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Source Number : 15
Source : Historical metallurgy : the journal of the Historical Metallurgy Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 30-35
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 22, 1988
Source Number : 16
Source : Monuments Protection Programme industrial monuments, Step 1 reports
Source details : Day J, 1992: "The Brass industry"
Page(s) : 68
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 17
Source : English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme Industrial Monuments Assessment, Step 3 Reports
Source details : Cranstone D, 1993: The Brass Industry, Avon, Site Assessment Number 11.
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) : 3
Source Number : 18
Source : National Record of Industrial Monuments
Source details : Recorded by R Scott, 1969, Record No.993608
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Source Number : 3
Source : The industrial archaeology of the Bristol region
Source details :
Page(s) : 121,127,229,247,265
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Source Number : 4
Source : Industrial archaeological sites of Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 29
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Source Number : 5
Source : Ass Ind Archaeol Bull
Source details :
Page(s) : 8
Figs. : 5
Plates :
Vol(s) : 21,981
Source Number : 6
Source : Avon Archaeological Council/Avon Local History Association newsletter
Source details :
Page(s) : 02-Mar
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 61,980
Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Wansdyke Dist (Keynsham Area) Avon 19 June 1975
Page(s) : 29
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 17-NOV-87
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : HBMCE SAM Rec Form 25-Feb 1986
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Source Number : 10
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 13: Newsletter
Source details : Autumn 1986
Page(s) : 9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1,051,986

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1760-1830
Monument End Date : 1830
Monument Start Date : 1760
Monument Type : Battery Mill, Rolling Mill, Annealing Furnace
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Refurbished 1862-99
Monument End Date : 1899
Monument Start Date : 1862
Monument Type : Brass Works
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Georgian
Display Date : Built 1720s
Monument End Date : 1729
Monument Start Date : 1720
Monument Type : Battery Mill, Annealing Furnace, Watermill
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 485129
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : BA185
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 94315
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : NRI01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 66 NE 41
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : CITY OF HEREFORD ARCHAEOLOGY UNIT
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : NATIONAL RECORD OF INDUSTRIAL MONUMENTS
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 1960-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31
Associated Activities : RCHME: OS SWEEPS
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : SALTFORD BRASS BATTERY MILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 66 NE 41
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1987-01-01
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 66 NE 41
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1987-11-17
End Date : 1987-11-17
Associated Activities : SALTFORD BRASS BATTERY MILL
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31