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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 201401

Hob Uid: 201401
Location :
City Of Bristol
City Of Bristol
City Of Bristol
Grid Ref : ST6164070970
Summary : Excavation in 1899 uncovered a Roman winged corridor villa of late 3rd/4th century AD date with Mosaics, Hypocausts and Tesselated pavements. Interpreted as having been destroyed C 370 AD
More information : (ST 61647097) Roman Villa (R). (1)

The Brislington Roman Villa is a 4th century corridor-type
building similar to that at Kings Weston (ST 57 NW 3). It was
discovered in December 1899, during the construction of a new
road to the east of "Lynwood" (ST 616710) in the garden of
which RB pottery had earlier been found, and was excavated by
the Clifton Antiquarian Club and the Bristol Museum Committee,
who uncovered a group of rectangular chambers with substantial
wall foundations, hypocausts and tesselated pavements. Finds,
which went to Bristol Museum, included 3rd to 4th cent coins,
Samian ware and other pottery, iron slag, and also some worked
flints. One of the mosaics is exhibited at Bristol City Museum
and another at Kings Weston Villa. (2-4)

ST 61647097:Villa of the winged corridor type, facing south with 10+
rooms and a small bath suite in the north west corner. Appears to have been built in the late C3 and destroyed c370AD. A well to the north contained human remains and building debris associated with the destruction phase. (5)

AV 16 This site has been cited by Professor Branigan (6a) as evidence for attack during the 'Barbarian Conspiracy' of AD 367, but see ref 6b for interpretation as a ritual deposit. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1965
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Clifton Antiqs Club 5 1900-1903 pp77-97, 111-117 plan illust (W R Barker)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : British Archaeol Research Group Field Guides No 2 1968 pp17-18 (Hebditch & Grinsell)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Trans Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeol Soc 23 1900 pp289-308 plans illust (WR Barker)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Bristol and Avon Archaeol 3 1984 p23 (J Russell and R Williams)
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Source Number : 6
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 14
Figs. :
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Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 6a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Somerset Archaeol Nat Hist Soc 116 1972 pp78-85 (Branigan)
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Source Number : 6b
Source : Theoretical Roman archaeology : first conference proceedings
Source details :
Page(s) : 118-22
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Prehistoric
Display Date : Prehistoric
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -500000
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 380
Monument Start Date : 267
Monument Type : Villa, Well, Mosaic, Hypocaust, Tessellated Floor
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Prehistoric
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Avon)
External Cross Reference Number : 1390
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 67 SW 14
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : BRISLINGTON ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1899-01-01
End Date : 1899-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT 623-625 BATH ROAD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2015-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31