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Historic England Research Records

Tom Tiveys Hole

Hob Uid: 202928
Location :
Somerset
Mendip
Wanstrow
Grid Ref : ST7051044470
Summary : A rock shelter at the foot of a cliff face in Asham Wood. Excavations took place between 1958 and 1964, with finds ranging mainly from the Neolithic to the Roman period. Neolithic material included pottery, a bone awl and a leaf-shaped arrowhead; Bronze Age items included a barbed and tanged arrowhead, and a gold bracelet. Roman finds comprised mainly pottery (though the final report raises the possibility that some may be 10th century AD or later). Iron Age sherds were also present. The lowest deposit, described as "late Pleistocene", contained some animal bones but no artefacts. Some 17th century pottery and a gold stud occurred in the uppermost layer. The Neolithic and Bronze Age finds were given to Bristol City Museum, the Post Medieval gold stud to Blaise Castle House Folk Museum.
More information : ST 705 445. Excavations in the rock shelter called
"Tom Tivey's Hole", revealed sherds comprising an almost
complete profile of around based bowl of Abingdon ware, also the
pointed end of a probable Neolithic bone awl. Finds also included a gold stud of post medieval date, and pottery of the same period; late Iron Age and Romano-British pottery, and similarly dated pottery; Neolithic potsherds plus human remains, and lithic items including a leaf shaped arrowhead and a barbed and tanged arrowhead. An object described as a gold band may be Bronze Age or Roman.

Tom Tivey's Hole is a natural rock shelter at the foot of a
cliff face at ST 7051 4447. The entrance is 4.0m wide by 2.5m
high and the roof slopes down to the floor 3.5m in from the
entrance. Surveyed at 1/2500
A full report of the excavations which was conducted by
Mr. John Barrett, is being prepared. The material from this
excavation and a bone pottery stamp (AO/64/88/1-4), found
during field investigation is in Bristol Museum.
Excavation of Tom Tivey's Hole was commenced in 1958. The Ne
pottery was later identified as Windmill Hill ware, and other
finds included a gold band, presumably of BA date, a barbed
& tanged arrowhead, and Ro. pottery.

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 345
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 27, 1961
Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GHP 17-AUG-64
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Barrett, JH. Tom Tivey's Hole Rock Shelter, near Leighton, Somerset.
Page(s) : Sep-24
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 11(1), 1966
Source Number : 4
Source : Romano-British cavemen : cave use in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 106
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19
Source Number : 5
Source : A gazetteer of Romano-British cave sites and their finds
Source details :
Page(s) : 145
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Rock Shelter, Human Remains
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Some pottery may be 10th cent. or later
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 900
Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter, Human Remains
Object Type : LEAF ARROWHEAD, ANIMAL REMAINS, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery, Flint
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Object Type : BRACELET, BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD, HUMAN REMAINS, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Gold, Flint
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Object Type : HUMAN REMAINS, VESSEL, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Object Type : HUMAN REMAINS, BRACELET, VESSEL, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Gold, Pottery
Period : Early Medieval
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Post Medieval
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Object Type : STUD, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery, Gold
Period : Uncertain
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Object Type : HUMAN REMAINS, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 2/56/06
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 74 SW 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, TOM TIVEY'S HOLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1958-01-01
End Date : 1964-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 74 SW 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-08-17
End Date : 1964-08-17