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Historic England Research Records

Bathampton Camp

Hob Uid: 203244
Location :
Bath And North East Somerset
Bath And North East Somerset
Claverton, Bathampton
Grid Ref : ST7745065020
Summary : An Early Iron Age stock enclosure a and possible Iron Age and Roman field system were excavated in 1904-5, 1952-4 and later. Finds included human and animal remains, pottery and flint flakes. Scheduled.
More information : [Name centred ST 7745 6502] Bathampton Camp [NR]
[Name centred ST 7725 6543] Field System [NR] (1)

The field system on Bathampton Down was recognised as such in the
early 19th c. (2) though frequently mis-identified as a
'village'. Partly over-lying the field system is the rampart,
formed by a bank with outer ditch, of a feature, originally
mis-identified as part of Wansdyke (3), identified by Crawford
and others as an IA hill fort (4-5) but suggested by Grinsell
to have been an IA stock-enclosure (6) He suggests that the area enclosed was later cultivated. Crawford describes field ways and
other features of the field systems including the stone revetment
to the field banks sometimes mistaken for stone 'avenues' (7)
'Hut-circles' shown on 19th c. plans (see AO/62/313/6 and 8
and MS plan) are no longer visible. The present day extent of
the system is visible on air-photographs (8) but Skinner's
accounts show clearly that it extended further to the south and
west in areas now built upon. (2-8)

The south-west corner of the 'camp' was excavated in 1904-5
under the mistaken impression that it was Wansdyke, and human
and animal remains, potsherds, iron ore and slag, flint scaper
and flakes are recorded (9) IA 'A' and Roman potsherds dug up
near Sham Castle and 'Nutley' were given to Taunton Museum.
1952-4 (10) Skinner excavated patches of dark earth in the area,
finding potsherds, animal bones and charcoal. (9-10)

Bathampton Camp occupies tha flat top of Bathampton Down. On
three sides the natural slopes are moderately strong but on the
south the approach is level.

The earthwork consists of a single scarp on the north and south
with an outer ditch on the west. The perimeter has been quarried
away on the east.

Mr. G. Wainwright recently carried out a small excavation and
established the date of the earthwork as Early Iron Age. He believes
it to be a stock enclosure.

Surveyed at 1/2500.

The field system, with banks and lynchets up to 1.0m high, is
best preserved to the North of Bathampton Camp. (11)

Bathampton Camp appears to be an example of a univallate early
Iron Age fort, but the single rampart appears to have emcompassed
some 80ac., and the huge size and lack of internal buildings
would seem to suggest use as a stock enclosure. Excavation proved
the field system to be of later date than the camp itself. The position to the north is less clear, although some of the field boundaries do appear to overlie the ditch of the fort. RB. sherds of indeterminate date were found overlying the ruins of the stone
rampart. (12)


Additional references. (13-15)

Earthworks on Bathampton Down studied and planned from aerial
photographs by C. Stephens. A geophysical survey was also carried out. Early in the Iron Age a sub-rectangular area was enclosed by a
drystone rampart and ditch. It is not very defensive. The E side has
been lost in C18 quarrying. At a later stage another rampart was
built across the SE corner of the original enclosure. There is no
direct dating evidence for the field system, but finds have been of
Roman date. To the SE is an undated drystone enclosure built on a
lynchet. Further earthworks to the SW were not plotted. (See illus
card for plan). (16)

ST 774650: Batheaston Camp, a large univallate site of roughly
rectangular shape. Defences in poor condition. (17)

A rapid examination of air photography (18a) shows the field system and associated features. (18)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6", 1961.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : BM Add MSS 33671, 33673, many refs (Rev. J. Skinner)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JP 18-MAR-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : G. Wainwright (M.O.W.).
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (G.J.Wainright).
Page(s) : 42-59
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 86 - 1967
Source Number : 13
Source : Ancient earthworks and camps of Somerset
Source details :
Page(s) : 50-51
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19
Source Number : 14
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : DOE SAM Rec Form 29-Oct 1986
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : Avon's past from the air
Source details :
Page(s) : 10
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1984
Source Number : 16
Source : Bristol & Avon archaeology
Source details : (R Iles)
Page(s) : 48-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Feb-83
Source Number : 17
Source : British Archaeological Report (BAR) British series
Source details : (I Burrow)
Page(s) : 204-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 91 - 1981
Source Number : 18
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Andrew Miller/28-JUL-1993/RCHME: AP Primary Recording Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 18a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : NMR, ST 7565/1/91-2; ST 7665/1; ST 7765/1-8
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : The Mystery of Wansdyke 1923 (Albany Featherstonehaugh Major)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Wessex from the air
Source details :
Page(s) : 144
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1928
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Earthworks of England, Fig.89, p.262, (A.H. Allcroft)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The archaeology of Wessex : an account of Wessex antiquities from the earliest times to the end of the pagan-Saxon period, with special reference to existing field monuments
Source details :
Page(s) : 142,144,146,164
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1958
Source Number : 7
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details :
Page(s) : 110
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8 - 1957-8
Source Number : 8
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : APs: CPE/UK/1868/4206-7, dated 4.12.46
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : (H.H. Winwood)
Page(s) : 55
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1904-8
Source Number : 10
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 98 - 1953

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Human Remains, Iron Working Site, Field System, Stock Enclosure
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Field System
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Human Remains, Iron Working Site, Field System, Stock Enclosure
Object Type : SCRAPER (TOOL), FLAKE, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Field System
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : AV 61
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Avon)
External Cross Reference Number : 1736
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Avon)
External Cross Reference Number : 1735-6
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 76 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 204162
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : BATHAMPTON DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1800-01-01
End Date : 1899-12-31
Associated Activities : BATHAMPTON CAMP
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1905-01-01
End Date : 1905-12-31
Associated Activities : BATHAMPTON CAMP
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1965-01-01
End Date : 1965-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 76 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-03-18
End Date : 1966-03-18
Associated Activities : RCHME: AIR PHOTOGRAPH PRIMARY RECORDING PROJECT 1992-1996
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : BUSHEY NORWOOD, BATHAMPTON DOWN
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT BATHAMPTON GOLF COURSE
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31