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Historic England Research Records

Milecastle 20

Hob Uid: 20464
Location :
Northumberland
Whittington
Grid Ref : NZ0188068680
Summary : The possible site of Roman milecastle 20, part of the defences on Hadrian's Wall. A depiction from the James Irwin Coates Archive (a condition survey of Hadrian's Wall undertaken in the 19th century and including illustrations), shows a view from the Military Road to the entrance to Halton Shields Farm dated 1879. Within the road surface are shown several large stone blocks, two of which appear to be pivot stones from the milecastle gateway, together with threshold blocks. The field wall appears to be built of reused Roman stone.
More information : (NZ 0188 6869) Milecastle 20 (G.S.C) (Site of) (1)

Situated in the garden of the cottage at the east end of Halton Shields, the south wall and gate being covered by the new house to the immediate west. Excavation in 1935 proved it to be about 59 ft long and 54 ft. 4 ins east to west, with type III gates. (2)

No visible remains, the site is covered by a house and garden. (3)

From excavation report (2) it is impossible to locate this milecastle accurately at 1:2500 but the Ordnance Survey position at NZ 0188 6868 has been accepted. There is no surface trace of the milecastle. (4)

Scheduled (5)

A depiction from the James Irwin Coates Archive (a condition survey of Hadrian's Wall undertaken in the 19th century and including illustrations), shows a view from the Military Road to the entrance to Halton Shields Farm dated 1879. Within the road surface are shown several large stone blocks, two of which appear to be pivot stones from the milecastle gateway, together with threshold blocks. The field wall appears to be built of reused Roman stone. (6)

Located on the English Heritage map of Hadrian's Wall 2010. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:2500 1962
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : (F G Simpson, I Richmond, E Birley, G S Keeney and K A Steer)
Page(s) : 259-62
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 13, 1936
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 17-MAR-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Keith Blood/18-OCT-1989/RCHME: Hadrian's Wall Project
Page(s) :
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Plates :
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Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 14-Jul-97
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 6
Source : Hadrian's Wall: archaeological research by English Heritage 1976-2000
Source details :
Page(s) : 15
Figs. : 32
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Milecastle
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Hadrian's Wall Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 0168/4
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26045
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 28
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 06 NW 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 20467
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 20470
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, MILECASTLE 20, HALTON SHIELDS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1935-01-01
End Date : 1935-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 06 NW 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-03-17
End Date : 1966-03-17
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: HADRIAN'S WALL PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1993-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, MILECASTLE 20, HALTON SHIELDS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HALTON SHIELDS & HALTONCHESTERS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HALTON SHIELDS
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SCHOOL COTTAGE, HALTON SHIELDS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31