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Historic England Research Records

Fenwick Tower

Hob Uid: 20794
Location :
Northumberland
Northumberland
Matfen
Grid Ref : NZ0574072910
Summary : Tower house licenced in 1378, ruinous in 1715, repaired in 1775 but since fallen into decay. A medieval gold coin hoard dating to the reigns of Edward III and Richard II was found there in 1775.
More information : (NZ 05747291) Fenwick Tower (GT) (Remains of) (1)

A list of 1415 refers to a tower at Fenwick. Licence to crenellate
was granted on Nov. 26th 1378. Leland, writing c. 1538, mentions a 'pile'. (2)

About June 10th 1775, a labourer taking down part of the tower, during repair work, found 226 gold coins. The majority were minted for Edward III, but the hoard included coins of Richard II, and one of David II of Scotland. Most were sold, but some are in the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow. (3)

Remains of the tower consist of the south and west walls. Lower courses only of the former survive, built into the north gable end of the present Fenwick Hall. The latter, some 5m high, is incorporated into, and projects above, the adjoining outbuildings. See sketch plan and photographs. (4)

Listed by Cathcart King and Dodds. (5,6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1920-46
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : ArchaeC J Bates
Page(s) : 18,28
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 14, 1891
Source Number : 3
Source : A history of Northumberland, volume twelve : the parishes of Ovingham, Stamfordham and Ponteland
Source details :
Page(s) : 349-59
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.12
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHP 05-AUG-68
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 333
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Bastions and Belligerents: Medieval Strongholds in Northumberland
Source details :
Page(s) : 276-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Dated 1272-1400
Monument End Date : 1400
Monument Start Date : 1272
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence :
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Licenced to crenellate 1378
Monument End Date : 1378
Monument Start Date : 1378
Monument Type : Tower House
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Repaired 1775
Monument End Date : 1775
Monument Start Date : 1775
Monument Type : Tower House
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : COIN HOARD
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 07 SE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 07 SE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1968-08-05
End Date : 1968-08-05
Associated Activities : FENWICK TOWER FARM
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31