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Historic England Research Records

Lanhill Barrow

Hob Uid: 208443
Location :
Wiltshire
Chippenham Without
Grid Ref : ST8773074720
Summary : A Neolithic chambered long barrow is visible as an earthwork on air photographs. Excavations were undertaken in 1855, 1909, 1936 and 1963 which produced multiple inhumation burials, Neolithic pottery and flakes. The barrow is defined by an earthern mound but no trace of flanking ditches is evident. It is extant on the latest 2012 oblique photography.
More information : [ST 8773 7472] Lanhill Barrow [TI]
(Long Barrow) [GT]. (1)

Lanhill Barrow is a long barrow, 185 feet long, 90 feet wide and
6 feet high, oriented E/W. It was partially excavated by J. Thurnam
in 1855 who found two chambers previously opened and ruined and
excavated a new chamber on the north side.
In 1909, Capt. and Mrs Cunnington excavated a chamber on the
south side and in 1936, A.D. Passmore, with A.Keiller and S. Piggott
excavated a chamber on the N.W. A dummy portal existed 35 feet from
the east end. Finds from the successive excavations include
multiple inhumation-burials, flint flakes and Ne 'A' sherds. The
barrow is sometimes called Hubbas Low but this name was an
invention of 17th c. antiquaries (3) and Jackson states that
there was no authority for any earlier use of the name.

In 1963 five parallel cuttings were made in Lanhill Long Barrow
exposing the revetment wall and the greater part of the forecourt,
the N.W. and the S. chamber. Sherds of Ebbsfleet and Hembury ware
were recovered. (2-7)

A long barrow 2.1 metres high. It has been overlaid in the N.E.
and E. by earth from nearby road widening operations making
positive identification of the outline difficult.
The chamber at ST 8772 7471 is still open and measures
2.8m. long x 1.5 m wide x 1.2m high. The revetment walls leading
to this chamber have been rebuilt.

See G.P. Surveyed at 1:2500. (8)

Lanhill Long Barrow (name confirmed) is situated on low-lying ground;
the mound and partially reconstructed chamber are well preserved.
There are no traces of side ditches and the mound is approximately
53.0m long, 28.0m wide, and up to 2.5m high at the east end. (9)

The barrow is visible as an earthwork on air photographs. It is defined by an earthern mound but no trace of flanking ditches is evident. It is extant on the latest 2012 oblique photography.
(10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : O.S.6", 1955
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : V.C.H. Wilts., 1, 1957, 139 (L.V. Grinsell)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Topo.Collns. for Wilts by Aubrey, 1659-70, (Ed: J.E. Jackson, 1862) 74 for
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Prehist. Chbr. Tombs. of Eng. & W. 1950, 227, illustr. (G.E.Daniel)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : P.P.S. 2, 1936, 213
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : W.A.M., 36, 1909-10, 300 H, plan. (M.E.Cunnington)
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : P.P.S. 32, 1966, 73-85 (D. Grant King) (Plans & reconstruction diagrams)
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 16-OCT-67
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Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 MJF 27-APR-76
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR 27595_004 06-SEP-2012
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Chambered Long Barrow, Inhumation
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Chambered Long Barrow, Inhumation
Object Type : FLAKE, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 101
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 112
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 12319
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 87 SE 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LANHILL LONG BARROW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, LANHILL LONG BARROW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1855-01-01
End Date : 1855-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LANHILL LONG BARROW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1909-01-01
End Date : 1909-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LANHILL LONG BARROW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1936-01-01
End Date : 1936-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LANHILL LONG BARROW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1963-01-01
End Date : 1963-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 87 SE 17
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1967-10-16
End Date : 1967-10-16
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 87 SE 17
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1976-04-27
End Date : 1976-04-27
Associated Activities : Primary, NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL IDENTIFICATION SURVEY: LOWLAND PILOT WEST WILTSHIRE
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31