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Historic England Research Records

Pit Meads Roman Villas

Hob Uid: 211416
Location :
Wiltshire
Sutton Veny
Grid Ref : ST9000043300
Summary : Sites of two Roman villas located about 300 yards apart. The published accounts do not permit a clear separation into two sites. One was of winged corridor type. The western building had a probable bath suite. A portion of tessellated pavement featuring an animal, possibly a hare, was taken to Longleat House. In 1951 it could not be located. Other finds include roofing tiles, painted wall plaster, brick flues, pottery, a coin, and 2 inhumations.
More information : [ST 90074337 and ST 90344324] ROMAN BUILDING [GSC] (Site of)
ROMAN VILLA [GSC] (Site of) (1)

Sites of 2 (?) Villas, about 300 yds apart at Pit Meads. Published
accounts (1785-1821) do not permit separation into two sites. One was
of winged corridor type (plan in Ancient Wilts II, Roman Area, 115).
That at the West had a probable bath suite. A portion of pavement
with design of hare was taken to Longleat where it now (1951) cannot
be found: the rest was destroyed. Finds include hexagonal roofing
tiles with nails in position, painted wall plaster, brick flues,
red, blue and cream coloured pottery, and a coin of Claudius Gothicus.One of the villas contained 2 human skeletons; one was extended, the
other as if the roof had fallen upon it. (2-6)

No intelligible remains of either building can be seen though both
sites, the eastern pasture, the western wooded, show signs of
disturbance, probably the result of the early excavations. A few RB
sherds can be found by the roots of the trees. (7)

No change; report of 19.3.63. correct. (8)

The mosaic is probably of the Cornian school with Orpheus placed within a central medallion with birds and animals within the surrounding zones. All that survived of were the hind legs of one animal near the perimenter of the outer circle. (9)

Both villa sites included within gazetteer. (10)

Discussion of mosaic. (11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : Grinsell, LV. Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 110-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Neal, DS. 1981. Roman Mosaics in Britain, pp 61, 121
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Vetusta Monuments, 1777, ii, pl. xliii.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 111-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Morgan. 1886. Romano-British Mosaic Pavements, p105
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 6
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : site 153.
Page(s) : 204
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 45
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 19-MAR-63
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 MJF 19-JUN-75
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Rivet, ALF. 1969. The Roman Villa in Britain, p84
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 10
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : Site numbers WZ 158, 159
Page(s) : 207
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Villa, Mosaic, Inhumation, Bath House
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Villa, Mosaic, Inhumation, Bath House
Object Type : COIN, FLUE TILE
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 301
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 302
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 94 SW 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 878821
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 880885
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, PIT MEADS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1786-01-01
End Date : 1787-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PIT MEADS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1786-01-01
End Date : 1787-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PIT MEADS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1800-01-01
End Date : 1800-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PIT MEADS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1800-01-01
End Date : 1800-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PIT MEADS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1820-01-01
End Date : 1820-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PIT MEADS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1820-01-01
End Date : 1820-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 94 SW 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-03-19
End Date : 1963-03-19
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 94 SW 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-06-19
End Date : 1975-06-19