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Historic England Research Records

Castle House

Hob Uid: 212393
Location :
Wiltshire
Calne
Grid Ref : ST9965570951
Summary : There is a tradition that this is the site of the medieval castle of Calne which is mentioned in 1139. Field investigation in 1968 failed to find any evidence to support this hypothesis. Castle House was mid 17th century in origin; a house by Robert Adam was built onto it in 1770, with 19th century alterations. This house was demolished and rebuilt behind the facade, which is of limestone ashlar, after a fire in 1966.
More information : (ST99657094) A castle at Calne is traditionally fixed on the southern edge of the plateau north of Calne, where Castle House now stands. Castle Hill has one side artificially scarped. Castle House has vaults of an unusual size for a private house, but is generally accepted as an early 17thc. structure with later additions. A `chamber' is reported as having been found in the garden. A castle of `Cerne', mentioned in 1139, is usually taken as referring to Calne; Castlefield was so-called in 6 Edward VI. Aubrey refers to a Castle at Calne. There are also attempts to associate the castle with the 978 AD meeting of the Witan when the floor collapsed and Archbishop Dunstan escaped injury on a beam. (1)(2)

There are no remains of a castle or of any artificial scarping of Castle Hill. Castle House is a 17thc. house, completely altered internally in the 19thc. and now ruinous, following a fire in 1966. The cellars are not unusually large and have brick barrel vaulting probably 19thc. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : J E Jackson
Page(s) : 166-219
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 24
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : History of Calne, 1904, (A E W Marsh)
Page(s) : 11
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 14-FEB-68
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : North Wiltshire, 22-DEC-1995
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 755-1
Source Number : 5
Source : Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 156
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Possible Norman date
Monument End Date : 1154
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Built mid C17
Monument End Date : 1666
Monument Start Date : 1633
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilt 1770
Monument End Date : 1770
Monument Start Date : 1770
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered C19
Monument End Date : 1900
Monument Start Date : 1801
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Burnt 1966
Monument End Date : 1966
Monument Start Date : 1966
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Rebuilt after 1970
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1970
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 35462
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 455089
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 97 SE 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 97 SE 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1968-02-14
End Date : 1968-02-14
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT CALNE CASTLE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT CASTLE HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2012-12-31