HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Hullasey

Hob Uid: 212748
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold
Coates
Grid Ref : ST9732499179
Summary : A deserted Medieval settlement with indication of a Roman predecessor is known from documentary evidence and field visits. Possible Bronze Age, Iron Age or Roman lynchets at the site are visible on aerial photographs and Ordnance Survey mapping. The site is mentioned as a manor in Domesday, it had become the property of Romsey Abbey by the time of Henry I. A chapel mentioned in 1349 was still in existence in the late 18th century, although used as a barn. Excavations in 1907 revealed the remains of three stone built houses and the remains of about thirty more were noted. Structures thought to be ovens were noted and 12th to 15th century pottery recovered, together with a few stray pieces of Romano British ware. Remains of the chapel with 14th century pottery were found in the cattle yard of Hullasey Barn. Possible Bronze Age, Iron Age or Roman lynchets, some over 1m high, were noted within the site and extending into adjacent fields to the south and west. A pair of nearby hollow ways may be related to this site (1515807 and 1515812). The lynchets and hollow ways have been mapped from aerial photographs as part of the Cotswold Hills project of the National Mapping Programme. The Medieval settlement was laid out along a north-south track, which with another track running to the east perhaps relate to an earlier Romano British settlement pattern. Thirty Medieval house sites, some of long house type, and five possible houses were recorded.
More information : ST 974993 Site of (NAT) Hullacide (NR) (Saxon Hamlet)
(NAT) (1)

The deserted medieval village of Hullasey, occurring as a manor
under the form 'Hunlafsed' (Hunlaf's Hyde) in the Domesday survey,
had become the property of Romsey Abbey by the time of Henry I.
A chapel there, mentioned in 1349, was still in existence in Rudder's
time though used as a barn. Excavations in 1907 by St Clair Baddeley
revealed the remains of several dwellings, and structures thought
to be ovens, with pottery dating from 12th to 15th century, and a
few stray pieces of Romano-British ware. Three houses built mainly of
undressed oolite stone were uncovered (Nos 1, 2 and 3 on plan, at
ST 97399919, ST 97319917 and ST 97339931 respectively), and the
remains of about thirty more were noted. Baddeley also found the
remains of the chapel, with 14th century pottery, in the cattle yard
of Hullasey Barn (ST 97169913). Some pottery from the site is in
Cirencester Museum. Nothing visible on air photographs - site mainly
obscured by trees. (2-8)

Area centred ST 973992. Situated on a gentle N facing slope in good
arable farmland, lies Hullasey grove deserted medieval village.
The grove is a relatively undisturbed deciduous wood of considerable
age, and it is this which has preserved the village in such
exceptionally good condition. Though the scrub tends to obscure detail it is possible to trace a three branched dendriform road system with some 33 rectangular buildings, and associated enclosure banks.

The buildings average 12.0 m by 4.0 m, with turfed over walls up to
1.0 m high, and tend to lie either parallel to and along the main
N-S hollow-way, or in small clusters at the end of the cul-de-sac
branches. Though there are 33 individual buildings only 12 appear
to have been dwellings. Other smaller subsidiary buildings are
either joined on to, or in close proximity to these.

Two particularly large buildings at ST 97359917 may have been barns,
the more southerly having an unusually large entrance 4.0 m wide. The
structures thought to be ovens could not be positively identified.

The area surrounding the wood has been intensively farmed, and the
only extant remains are those of the hollow-way which runs from the
village SW to the modern road. Crop marks of rectangular fields can be seen running from the holloway up the hill to the E.

Around the N, E and W margins of the wood stone scatter and medieval
pottery fragments are present over a considerable area. The site of
the medieval chapel at ST 97169913 produced no surveyable feature,
though several large stones are embedded in the trackway here.
The present barn buildings do not contain any building material
that can be associated with the once chapel of Hullasey.

A representative selection of medieval pottery from Hullasey deserted
medieval village, is distributed between Corinium Museum (Acc Nos
B1418; B1419; B1422;B1575-79); the Bathurst Collection, and the
Cripps Collection (a).

Deserted medieval village. Surveyed at 1:2500 on permatrace. (9-10)

ST 973 992. A survey was made of Hullasey DMV in 1981-2 after tree falling. Possible prehistoric lynchets, some over 1m high, were noted within the site and extending into adjacent fields. The medieval settlement was laid out along a N-S track. This, with another track running to the E, perhaps relate to an earlier Romano-British settlement pattern. 30 medieval house sites and 5 possible house sites were recorded. The ramains of banks and stones were visible beyond the modern boundary bank on the site's W side. 3 of the house plans were probably of the long house type with opposed entrances. 4 of the smaller houses also appeared to have had opposed entrances. [sources include plans]. (11-12)

ST 974 993. Site listed in review of deserted medieval villages in Gloucestershire. (13)

A series of possibly Bronze Age Iron Age or Roman lynchets are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs. The site as a whole is centred on ST 793 992, although most of the site is wooded and not visible on the available aerial photographs.

The portions of the site visible on aerial photographs comprise circa 9 lynchets defined by a combination of scarps and boundary banks, though at least two have a ditch on their downslope edge. These are the lynchets mentioned as being possibly Prehistoric in source 12. The plan on page 211 of source 12 shows a Medieval house cut into one of these lynchets. Some of these lynchets are shown as scarps on the first edition Ordnance Survey mapping, 1886. The lynchets appear to define cultivation terraces of up to 75 metres in length, on various orientations. The narrowest measure between 8 metres and 15 metres wide, while the full width of the widest terraces is covered by the woodland.

A pair of nearby hollow ways may be related to this site (1515807) and 1515812).

This site has been mapped from aerial photographs as part of the Cotswold Hills National Mapping Programme (14-16).


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1903
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Deserted Medieval Villages: Studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 187
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Medieval Village Research Group annual report
Source details : (P Ellis)
Page(s) : 7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 30, 1982
Source Number : 12
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (P Ellis)
Page(s) : 210-12
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 102, 1984
Source Number : 13
Source : Glevensis : Gloucestershire and District Archaeological Research Group review
Source details : (M Aston and L Viner)
Page(s) : 25
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15, 1981
Source Number : 14
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/3G/TUD/UK/102 PART 2 5202-5203 30-MAR-1946
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/CPE/UK/2110 3061-3062 28-MAY-1947
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 16
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:2,500 Gloucestershire 1886
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : New History of Gloucestershire 1779 392 (S Rudder)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (W Bazeley)
Page(s) : 36-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20, 1895-7
Source Number : 5
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (W St Clair Baddeley)
Page(s) : 338-54
Figs. : PLANS
Plates :
Vol(s) : 33, 1910
Source Number : 6
Source : The Antiquaries journal : journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London
Source details : (RLS Bruce Mitford)
Page(s) : 110
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20, 1940
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Corinium Museum 1910 30 (AH Church)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : (RAF/3G/TUD/UK/102/5202-3 30.3.46)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GB 27-MAR-77
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Corinium Museum Accessions Record Book & Card Index
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Lynchet
Evidence : Earthwork, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Lynchet
Evidence : Earthwork, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Prehistoric, Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Lynchet
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot, Settlement, Lynchet
Evidence : Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : documented in Domesday
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1086
Monument Type : Chapel, Deserted Settlement
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C12-15
Monument End Date : 1499
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot, Settlement, Lynchet
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type :
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GC 266
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 321
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 99 NE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 765380
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 765383
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : HULLASEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1907-01-01
End Date : 1907-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 99 NE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-03-27
End Date : 1977-03-27
Associated Activities : THE COTSWOLD HILLS (SOUTH COTSWOLDS) NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-10-01
End Date : 2010-10-01