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Historic England Research Records

Knowlton Circles

Hob Uid: 213817
Location :
Dorset
Woodlands
Grid Ref : SU0240010200
Summary : A cluster of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments near Knowlton. The principal features are the henge monuments and the Great Barrow, while a number of round barrows and ring ditches are also focused on the area. Until recently, little fieldwork has been undertaken in the area. Some stray finds of Neolithic date have been reported, while some flint scatters have been examined on the opposite side of the Allen Valley to the monuments. A research programme undertaken by Bournemouth University in 1993-5 included geophysical survey on various monuments in the area as well as some trial excavation at the southern henge (SU 01 SW 101). The monuments in this group are visible on aerial photographs and have been been mapped by EH's Knowlton Circles Project. See child and associated monument records for details about individual sites. The core of the site is in the care of English Heritage.
More information : (Centred SU 02381028) Knowlton Circles (NR) (1)

MONUMENTS (19-22), KNOWLTON CIRCLES

These consist of four enclosures, three of normal henge form, which represent the remains of a ritual or ceremonial centre of the late Neolithic period (Plate 80). All but Monument (20) have been severely damaged by cultivation. Their importance as such a centre is emphasised by the concentration of round barrows in the vicinity (Antiquity, XIII (1939), 153-4; R. J. C. Atkinson and others, Excavations at Dorchester Oxon., Vol i (1951), 95, 102). (2)

(The structure of this record has been changed from that shown on the record card and now this is the parent record for Knowlton Circles henge monument)

Knowlton Circles comprises of a group of henge monuments none of which have been excavated. Stray finds from the vincinity include polished flint and stone axes. Surface flint scatters close to the henges have recently been identified by Martin Green. One of which produced an oblique transverse arrowhead. The closest counterparts to the henges, especially in comparison to their lowland situation are henges at Mount Pleasant, Durrington Walls and Marden which have been dated c. 2000bc, associated with Grooved Ware. (3-4)

Description and plan of Knowlton Circles. (5)

Mentioned. (6)

The south-east circle between SU 02400985 and SU 02581000 has been destroyed by ploughing. (7)

A group of Late Neolithic henge monuments known as the 'Knowlton Circles'. Scheduling amended. (8)

The monuments in this group are visible on aerial photographsas both earthworks and cropmarks, and have been been mapped by EH's Knowlton Circles Project. The individual sites within the group have been recorded separately. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1963
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Source Number : 2
Source : An inventory of historical monuments in the County of Dorset. Volume five : east Dorset
Source details :
Page(s) : 113-5
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Source : SU 01 SE 44 (Knowlton circles) (1954)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Landscape, monuments and society : the prehistory of Cranborne Chase
Source details :
Page(s) : 67, 105-7, 109
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Source Number : 4
Source : The archaeology of Bokerley Dyke
Source details :
Page(s) : 79
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Source Number : 5
Source : Heywood Sumner's Wessex
Source details :
Page(s) : 87-9
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Source Number : 6
Source : Dorset
Source details :
Page(s) : 249-50
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS Small Scales Reviser July 1998
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Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : EH Scheduling amendment, 05-JUL-2002
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Source Number : 9
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : English Heritage: Knowlton Circles, Dorset
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Source : RCHME: Knowlton Church Henge, Woodlands, Dorset
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Neolithic
Display Date : Late Neolithic
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Henge, Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Later Prehistoric
Display Date : Later prehistoric
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Lithic Scatter
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DO 18
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 35209
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1020580
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 01 SW 44
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 621861
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 621849
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409899
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1409903
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 621834
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 621827
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 621819
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 621822
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: KNOWLTON, DORSET
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2000-11-27
End Date : 2001-02-09
Associated Activities : Primary, NEW BARN FARM, KNOWLTON
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31