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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 214233

Hob Uid: 214233
Location :
Wiltshire
Bowerchalke
Grid Ref : SU0002022050
Summary : Four ditched bowl barrows and pottery finds. Three Bronze Age body sherds from the Barrow Group have been acquired by Devizes Museum, Accession No. 25.1974. These are from E.V. Young's collection and possibly came from Clay's excavations. Parts of a barrel urn, from Clay's collection are in Salisbury Museum, Accession No. 96.1971.
More information : (A: SU 0001 2206 and B: 0003 2205) Tumuli (NR). (1)

Four bowl barrows, OS 6" shows only two (see plan (4)) on
Woodminton Down, excavated by Dr R C C Clay in 1925 (2). A large
number of cremated interments were found in urns of the Deveril-
Rimbury type. All the finds went to Devizes Museum.

Bower Chalke 1 (A), 14 paces in diameter by 2 ft in height. A
primary inhumation was inferred; secondary Bronze Age
cremations in the southeast part of the mound, 18 in barrel urns
and 3 in globular urns, all upright, each probably originally
covered by a stone slab.

Bower Chalke 2 (C: SU 0002 2205 (4)) 10 paces in diameter by
1 ft in height. Three cremations were found in barrel urns, one
perhaps primary, the others presumed secondary, all upright (one
with the accessory vessel). There was a ditch on the south only:
in it a broken urn and sherds showing at least one further
secondary destroyed; alos stone slabs presumed to be covers
from secondaries.

Bower Chalke 3 (B) 10 paces in diameter by 1 ft in height. A
primary inhumation inferred from human leg bones found near
the centre.

Bower Chalke 4 (D) SU 004 2205, 13 paces in diameter by 1 ft
in height. A primary cremation among ashes, with a smashed barrel
urn two feet away which, in Clay's opinion (4), was undoubtedly
the receptacle for the cremation. Disturbance with many
Romano-British sherds and (presumed from a destroyed secondary)
fragments of a Deveril-Rimbury urn. (2-4)

A group of four adjoining bowl barrows.

(SU 0000 2205) BC 1: 20.0m overall diameter, with a mound 0.4m
high above a 0.2m deep ditch.

(SU 0001 2205) BC2: 15.0m overall diameter and 0.3m high. A
shallow ditch on the N and S sides.

(SU 0002 2205) BC 3: Comprises a mound 12.0m diameter and
0.3m high, with a shallow ditch on the S side.

(SU 0004 2205) BC 4: Comprising a mound 12.0m diameter and
0.3m high with a shallow ditch on the S side. The E side of the
barrow has been mutilated by a trackway associated with the
adjoining celtic field system (SU 02 SW 1). (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1927
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details :
Page(s) : 160
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Devizes Mus Cat pt 2 2nd edt 1934 53-5 illusts photos(M E Cunnington & E H Goddard)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : R C C Clay
Page(s) : 313-24
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 43, 1926
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MHB 02-JUL-74
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5a
Source : SU 02 SW 3 (1974)
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details :
Page(s) : 133
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 70-1, 1975-6
Source Number : 7
Source : Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum annual reports
Source details :
Page(s) : 16
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1971-2

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Evidence :
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 608
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 607
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 461
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 609
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 610
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 610/300
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 02 SW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WOODMINTON DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, WOODMINTON DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, WOODMINTON DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, WOODMINTON DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1925-01-01
End Date : 1925-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WOODMINTON DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1925-01-01
End Date : 1925-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WOODMINTON DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1925-01-01
End Date : 1925-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WOODMINTON DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1925-01-01
End Date : 1925-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 02 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-07-02
End Date : 1974-07-02