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Historic England Research Records

Hatfield Barrow

Hob Uid: 215176
Location :
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Marden
Grid Ref : SU0918058200
Summary : Hatfield barrow, now almost levelled, was described as being 70 to 80 yards in diameter and 50 feet high prior to 1818. Excavations by Cunnington, described by Colt Hoare, in 1807 (when it was 22.5 feet high) recovered wood ashes, animal bones and two small deposits of human bones, perhaps representing secondary inhumations. Cunnington's excavations culminated in the spectacular collapse of the 'Giant of Marden'. Ploughing in the mid nineteenth century ensured there was apparently no trace left of the barrow by the 1860s. The barrow appears on aerial photographs to survive as very low mound sitting in a shallow scoop, which extends farther on the eastern side and is possibly partially surrounded by a ditch. Field investigation in 2009 confirmed the survival of a low spread mound much disturbed by ploughing. Aerial photographs taken in 1976 suggest the survival of sub-surface remains of an asymmetric site about 75m across, comprising a mound c.55m across enclosed by a broad ditch or hollow. Geophysical survey in 2009 confirmed this. Excavation by English Heritage in 2010 identified a central posthole and evidence for tree clearance . The barrow was listed by Grinsell and Goddard as Beechingstoke 1. The barrow, and a small henge (NMR UID 215182) sit within Marden Henge (NMR UID 215179).
More information : SU 09195820 Hatfield Barrow (NR) (site of) (NAT)

Hatfield Barrow, listed by Grinsell as a bowl barrow, was destroyed before 1818. According to Gough, it was 70 or 80 yards in diameter and 50 feet high; when excavated by William Cunnington and Colt Hoare in 1807 it was 22 1/2 feet high and yielded some wood ashes, animal bones and two small deposits of human bones (secondary burials?). Cunnington believed the mound to be epulchral and although Hoare disagreed, the failure of their small excavation to find a primary interment in a mound covering an acre of ground is not surprising. Mrs Cunnington (6) suggests that the mound and the surrounding earthwork (SU 05 NE 3) may represent a motte and bailey, but excavations have shown the latter to be a henge monument and no finds later than Neolithic have been made on the site. The position of the barrow has been confirmed by a magnetometer survey - see plan (7).

There are no visible remains of this barrow.

The barrow was originally recorded as Beechingstoke 1 by Goddard. (9)

Andrews' and Dury's 1773 map of Wiltshire depicted the barrow but not the henge (10)

In 1768 the Reverend Mayo described the levelling of parts of the henge, while Cunnington's 1807 excavation of Hatfield Barrow, culminated in the spectacular collapse of the "Giant of Marden". Ploughing in the mid nineteenth century ensured there was apparently no trace left of the barrow by the 1860s. Wainright excavated part of Marden henge in the 1960s but only mentions the location of the barrow, not the form, found using magnetometer survey (as mentioned by authority 7 above). (11-12)

The barrow appears on aerial photographs to survive as very low mound sitting in a shallow scoop, which extends farther on the eastern side and is, possibly, partially surrounded by a ditch. Parch marks in grass suggest the survival of sub-surface remains of an asymmetric site about 75m across, comprising a mound c.55m across enclosed by a broad ditch or hollow. (13-14)

Geophysical survey of part of the barrow, by English Heritage in 2008, confirms the survival of sub-surface remains. (15)

Field investigation by English Heritage in 2009 confirmed the survival of the low spread mound but the barrow has been much disturbed by rig and furrow cultivation. (16)

Excavation by English heritage in 2010 identified a central posthole and evidence for tree clearance. (17)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961.
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : Grinsell, LV. Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 155
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : The Antiquaries journal : journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London
Source details : Wainwright, G. The Excavation of a Late Neolithic enclosure at Marden, Wiltshire.
Page(s) : 177-239
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Pitts, M. 2000. Hengeworld. Century, London.
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Source Number : 13
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/76183 42-43 21-AUG-1976
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Source Number : 14
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU0958/1 NMR 974/348-9 28-JUL-1976
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Martin, L. 2008. Marden Henge, Wiltshire: Report on Geophysical Survey, April 2008. Research Department Report Series 70/2008. English Heritage
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Source Number : 16
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Dr David Field/March 2009/English Heritage Suvey of Marden Neolithic Henge, Wiltshire
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 17
Source : Research News
Source details : Recent work at Marden Henge, Wiltshire by Jim Leary and David Field
Page(s) : Oct-13
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15 (AUTUMN 2010)
Source Number : 3
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details : Facsimile edition 1975: EP Publishing, Wakefield
Page(s) : 6
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : (O Meyrick)
Page(s) : 217-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 52, 1947
Source Number : 5
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : (R H Cunnington)
Page(s) : 04-Nov
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 56, 1955-6
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Cunnington, BH. 1934. Archaeology of Wiltshire
Page(s) : 156
Figs. :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Current archaeology
Source details : (G Wainwright)
Page(s) : 155
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Vol(s) : 2, 1969-70
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 27-MAY-77
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Source Number : 9
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : (E.H Goddard)
Page(s) : 189
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 10
Source : Andrews' and Dury's map of Wiltshire, 1773
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Neolithic
Display Date : Late Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -2900
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Evidence : Levelled Earthwork, Find, Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Evidence : Levelled Earthwork, Cropmark, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Late Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Object Type : HUMAN REMAINS, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material :
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Object Type : HUMAN REMAINS, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 600
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 338
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26707
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 05 NE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 215179
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1002033
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : HATFIELD BARROW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1807-01-01
End Date : 1807-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 05 NE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-05-27
End Date : 1977-05-27
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: MARDEN ENVIRONS VALE OF PEWSEY NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2008-06-01
End Date : 2009-10-01