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Historic England Research Records

All Cannings Cross

Hob Uid: 216042
Location :
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Allcannings
Grid Ref : SU0800063470
Summary : Site excavated by ME Cunninton between 1911 and 1922, producing a considerable quantity of artefacts. The site gave its name to the characteristic pottery of the Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age in southern Britain (roughly the 8th-7th centuries BC), although for a while the assemblage was regarded as wholly Iron Age. The full range of artefacts also suggests that activity continued well into the Iron Age. The site, which covered an area of circa 4 hectares, comprised a large quantity of artefactual material, including pottery, various bone tools and bronze items, animal and human remains, iron slag,crucible fragments, spindle whorls, loomweights and other items. Some 75 pits were also excavated. The site was generally regarded as a large open settlement of late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age origin, but re-assessment, including rexcavation of part of the site in 2003-4, led to the interpretation of the site as a midden comparable to those at Potterne and East Chisenbury. The investigations in 2004 identified another midden to the east at Stanton St Bernard (NMR Monument 1545428).
More information : (SU 08006347) Iron Age Settlement (NR) (site of). (1,2)

An Iron Age settlement on All Cannings Cross Farm (see plan).
Excavated 1911-22 by B H and M E Cunnington. The area had been under the plough for many years and no surface indications remain to mark the site which probably covered an area of about four acres, but the limits were not precisely ascertained.

The chief interest of the site lies in the pottery represented by nearly 1000 pots, the style for which All Cannings has become the type-site. As a whole it seems to belong to the Hallstatt period, not mixed with any other type, and was practically all hand made. The haematite-coated bowls (see photo) with the omphaloid base may be regarded as the most characteristic and distinctive type on the site.

During the excavation 75 pits were opened, some were corn-drying ovens, and some contained pieces of wattle-and - daub. The site yielded two La Tene bonze brooches, bone implements such as pins, needles, combs, scoops, etc, spindle-whorls, loom-weights, bronze and iron slag, fragments of crucibles, hammerstones, and a large number of animal bones that had been used for food.

The main collection of material from the site is now in Devizes Museum. (3-5)

SU 08006347. There are now no extant remains of this settlement. The site lies in arable ground but no finds were made during field investigation.

OS 1:2500 siting acceptable from Cunnington's plan. (6)

Re-assessment and regional grouping of pottery from All Canning's Cross is discussed by Cunliffe. (7)

Further references. (8-12)

The site was thought to be a large open settlement of late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age origin, but re-evaluation of the site, including re-excavation of part of the site in 2003-4, led to interpretation of the site as a midden comparable to those at Potterne and East Chisenbury. The investigations in 2004 identified another midden to the east at Stanton St Bernard (NMR Monument 1545428).(13-14)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25"
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Source Number : 11
Source : Iron Age communities in Britain : an account of England, Scotland and Wales from the seventh century BC until the Roman conquest
Source details :
Page(s) : 7FF
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Source Number : 12
Source : Antiquity
Source details : D McOmish: East Chisenbury - ritual and rubbish at the British Bronze Age-Iron Age Transition
Page(s) : 68-76
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Vol(s) : 70, 1996
Source Number : 13
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Barrett&McOmish 2009 `The Early Iron Age in Southern Britain: Recent Work at All Cannings Cross, Stanton St Bernard and East Chisenbury, Wiltshire in M-J Roulière-Lambert De l'âge du Bronze a l'âge du Fer en France
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Source Number : 14
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : http://www.wiltshire.gov.uk/artsheritageandlibraries/museumhistoryheritage/worldheritagesite/archaeologicalexcavationsintheaveburyarea/allprojectdiaries/allcanningscrossprojectdiary2004.htm
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : ME Cunnington (1923) The Early Iron Age Inhabited Site at All Cannings Cross (Devizes)
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Antiquaries journal : journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London
Source details : ME Cunnington
Page(s) : 13-19
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Vol(s) : 2, 1922
Source Number : 5
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : L Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 24
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MHB 11-OCT-73
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : B Cunliffe (1974) Iron Age Communities in Britain (1st edition) pp2, 3, 31, 37, 38, 140, 292
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DW Harding (1974) The Iron Age in Lowland Britain; pp5, 15, 21, 44, 53, 90, 92, 130, 149-50, 153-6, 164, 166
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : AJ Challis, DW Harding (1975) Later Prehistory from the Trent to the Tyne; British Archaeol Report 20, pp21, 45, 64
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Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : W Rodwell, in B Cunliffe, T Rowley (ed) (1978) Lowland Iron Age Communities in Europe; British Archaeol Report (International Series) 48, pp30, 32
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Bronze Age
Display Date : Late Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -1200
Monument Type : Unenclosed Settlement, Midden, Pit, Human Remains
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Unenclosed Settlement, Midden, Pit, Human Remains
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Late Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Unenclosed Settlement, Midden, Pit, Human Remains
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, PIN
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Unenclosed Settlement, Midden, Pit, Human Remains
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, BROOCH
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 200
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 06 SE 19
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : ALL CANNINGS CROSS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1911-01-01
End Date : 1911-12-31
Associated Activities : ALL CANNINGS CROSS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1920-01-01
End Date : 1922-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 06 SE 19
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1973-10-11
End Date : 1973-10-11
Associated Activities : RCHME: AVEBURY WORLD HERITAGE SITE PROJECT
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-08-01
End Date : 1998-12-01
Associated Activities : ALL CANNINGS CROSS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31