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Historic England Research Records

The Moot

Hob Uid: 217912
Location :
Wiltshire
Downton
Grid Ref : SU1805021320
Summary : Ringwork with twin baileys possibly constructed by Henry de Blois in 1138 and probably dismatled soon after 1154. The earthwork has been incorporated into part of the garden of Moot House during the early 18th century. Scheduled.
More information : (SU 1809 2136) Castle Mound (NR) (Remains of) The Moot (NAT) (1)

The Moot, a ringwork with twin baileys of 7 1/2 acres (see plan), now largely altered by landscape gardening of c1700. (2-4)

Presumably the castle of Downtown built in 1138 by Henry de Blois Bishop of Winchester. Rahtz suggests that Saxon occupation may have taken place on that part of the terrace now occupied by The Moot, although there is no reason to suppose that the earthwork itself is anything other than a ring-work of Norman date. (5)

Scheduled listing (6)

Listed in Register of Parks and Gardens. (7)

Surveyed during RCHME: South Wilts Project. (8)

Listed by Cathcart King. (9)

The castle have been radically modified from the 18th century as part of the gardens of Moot House. The earliest earthworks can be identified as an oval earthwork, the west side of which has been removed by quarrying. Its close proximity to Old Court bishops palace suggests it bears a strong relationship to the palace. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : OS 6" 1927
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Source Number : 2
Source : Chateau Gaillard, 3. Conference at Battle, Sussex, 19-24 September 1966
Source details :
Page(s) : 122
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Norman Castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 173
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1968
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Heywood Sumner. 1917. Ancient Earthworks of the New Forest, 91-7
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 5
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : Rahtz P A.
Page(s) : 125
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 59, 1964
Source Number : 6
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : DOE (IAM) Amendment 26-FEB-1985
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Wiltshire (September 1987)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 46
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : RCHME: South Wilts Project
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 498
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 10
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : Creighton OH
Page(s) : 108
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 93, 2000

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 1138-54
Monument End Date : 1154
Monument Start Date : 1138
Monument Type : Ringwork And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Early C18 landscaping
Monument End Date : 1732
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Ringwork And Bailey, Garden Feature
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 453/402
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 327
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 12 SE 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 619070
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SOUTH WILTSHIRE
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, MOOT LANE DOWNTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1880-01-01
End Date : 1900-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DOWNTON MOOT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TANNERY HOUSE, DOWNTON
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1991-12-31