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Historic England Research Records

Cursus Barrow Group

Hob Uid: 219681
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1126542736
Summary : A Neolithic and Bronze Age round barrow cemetery located mostly south of the western end of the Cursus (Monument Number 219546). The cemetery extends 1200m east / west along a ridge and measures 250m wide. It comprises the round barrows recorded as Winterbourne Stoke 28 to 30 and Amesbury 43 to 56, plus the Fargo hengiform. See the individual Child records for details concerning the specific barrows. All of the barrows were examined by Colt Hoare in the early 19th century. The round barrows were surveyed by English Heritage in 2009 and 2010 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project.
More information : (SU 11354274) Tumuli (AT) (5 shown). (1)

Barrow cemetery comprising of five bowl barrows (Amesbury 49-53). (2) Excavations by Colt Hoare found that two of the barrows contained burials, Amesbury 51 (SU 14 SW 422) and Amesbury 52 (SU 14 SW 423) the others were unproductive. (3)

Amesbury 51 (SU 14 SW 422) was re-excavated in 1960 found that the barrow contained a total of four inhumations, and it had a possible mortuary house. Bluestone fragments were recovered from the ditch. (4-6)

Published 1:2500 surveys revised. (7)

The barrow cemetery is visible as earthworks and cropmarks on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. Details of each barrow are recorded separately. (8)

The Cursus barrow cemetery extends 1200m east / west along a ridge and measures 250m wide. It comprises the round barrows recorded as Winterbourne Stoke 28 to 30 and Amesbury 43 to 56, plus the Fargo hengiform. The round barrows either side of the Fargo Plantation were surveyed at 1:1,000 scale by English Heritage as part of English Heritage's Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The barrows to the east were surveyed in April 2009 and the Monarch of the Plain (Amesbury 55) was surveyed in March 2010. The hengiform and round barrows within Fargo Plantation were observed during a rapid field investigation in November 2010. See individual barrow records for details. (9-11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : L Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 151
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Komar A M & Bishop, S 'Fargo South.' Stonehenge World Heritage Site Landscape Project. Archaeological survey report. RDRS 96-2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 96-2010
Source Number :
Source : SU 14 SW 31, 42 (The Cursus), 57, 86, 87, 133 (SU 1142) (1969-71)
Source details :
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Source Number : 3
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 163
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : (P Ashbee)
Page(s) : 31
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 58, 1961-3
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ministry of Works: Excavations 1961, p6
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 345
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 27, 1961
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 11-JAN-71
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/02-AUG-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Amadio, L & Bishop, S 'The Cursus Barrows and surrounding area.' Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. Archaeological Survey Report. RDRS 85/2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 85-2010

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Barrow Cemetery
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Barrow Cemetery
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 65K
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 87
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 219938
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 219815
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1066498
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1119431
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1119679
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 219519
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942659
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 219815
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1066498
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 219513
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 219678
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942661
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942662
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942674
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942709
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942712
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 219510
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 219516
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 219929
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 870325
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1119671
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 219507
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942696
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942705
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 219593
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942672
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942691
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 942703
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, SOUTH OF CURSUS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, SOUTH OF CURSUS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1800-01-01
End Date : 1810-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SOUTH OF CURSUS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1800-01-01
End Date : 1810-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SOUTH OF CURSUS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1800-01-01
End Date : 1810-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FARGO PLANTATION
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1800-01-01
End Date : 1810-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SOUTH OF CURSUS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1960-01-01
End Date : 1960-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 14 SW 87
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1971-01-11
End Date : 1971-01-11
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, STONEHENGE LANDSCAPE: THE CURSUS BARROWS
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SOUTH OF THE CURSUS
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31