HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 219856

Hob Uid: 219856
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1206042370
Summary : Three large Mesolithic post holes plus a possible tree-throw hole found during excavations in Stonehenge car park in 1966. The post holes had each held substantial timber posts which appear to have rotted in situ. All fragments of wood and charcoal analysed appear to be pine. Radiocarbon dates placed each of the post holes in the early Mesolithic, circa 8500 to 7650 BC. The fourth feature did not contain evidence for a timber post, and was interpreted as a tree-throw hole. It's date is uncertain. However, it is positioned approximately on a line wth the three post holes. No artefacts were recovered from any of the features. The C14 dates suggest that the post-holes were not contemporary but successive features; they appear to represent a structure or structures with no direct parallels in the British Mesolithic. Speculation as to their function has so far focused on comparisons totem poles and other foci for formalised and/or ritual display.
More information : SU 12104235. When topsoil was being cleared prior to
constructing the westward extension of the Stonehenge car park
three large post holes, 4 1/2 to 5ft in diameter and 5ft deep
were revealed. They were 32-40ft apart in a slightly curved line
running E-W and each contained traces of a post 1-1 1/2ft in
diameter. There was no dating evidence.
Their positions have been marked by concrete plinths in the new tarmac. (1)

The concrete markers are situated at SU 12054237, 12064237 and 12084237. No further information.

Surveyed from OSAPs. (2)

These post holes were tentatively assigned to the Neolithic period, but radiocarbon dating, obtained from organic samples recovered from two of the post holes, (7180bc +/-180 and 6140 bc +/- 140) assign them to the Mesolithic period. (3)

This location falls within the area mapped from aerial photographs by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. No further information could be gained from photographic evidence. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details :
Page(s) : 115
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 63, 1968
Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 05-JAN-71
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Stonehenge and its environs: monuments and land use
Source details :
Page(s) : 33
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Stonehenge in its landscape : twentieth-century excavations
Source details :
Page(s) : 41-62, 470-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 10
Source Number : 5
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 707
Page(s) : 238
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Mesolithic
Display Date : Mesolithic
Monument End Date : -4000
Monument Start Date : -10000
Monument Type : Post Hole
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 992
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW992
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 156
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1099688
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, STONEHENGE: CAR PARK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1935-01-01
End Date : 1935-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, STONEHENGE: CAR PARK EXTENSION
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1966-01-01
End Date : 1966-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 14 SW 156
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1971-01-05
End Date : 1971-01-05
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01