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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 221281

Hob Uid: 221281
Location :
Swindon
Swindon
Chiseldon
Grid Ref : SU1673076420
Summary : Bronze Age disc barrow containing a cremation, pottery and animal bone, (Grinsell's Chiseldon 1). In 1979 excavations on the barrow bank and ditch, recorded Neolithic ploughsoil, a Bronze Age midden with Burderop Down settlement, and a possible Medieval pillow mound. Roman pottery has been found.
More information : (SU 16737642) Tumulus (NR). (1)

Chiseldon No 1. Disc barrow, mound diam 32', height 1 1/2', berm
width, W 49', E 82'; ditch width 17', depth 1'; outer bank width 17',
height 1'. The tump is W of centre being oval although probably
originally circular (2). Excavated by Passmore c 1926 who gave it a
total diam of 245' N-S, the ditch being 4' deep wide and the top
being 12' wide. The mound is given as 100' N-S, 30' E-W and 1' to
1'6" high. The mound had been mutilated by a previous excavator
who had deposited the smashed remains of an urn and cremation in
his excavation trench. Within the area of the barrow were found two
cylindrical holes cut into the natural chalk packed with ashes,
one containing the bones of a large bird. IA occupation was found immediately above the chalk silting of the ditch on the S side with a scattering of sherds and animal bones. On the W side of the mound a shallow pit containing animal bones of uncertain date was found. (2-3)

LBA pottery (around tumulus and to E). (4)

A fairly well preserved disc barrow, now covered in rank grass,
occupying an E facing arable hill-slope. Dimensions are generally as
given by Grinsell and Passmore. The off-centre mound is considerably
mutilated; it now measures 24.0m N-S by 10.0m E-W and up to 0.7m
high. The outer bank fades into the hill slope on the higher W side;
it attains a maximum height of 1.0m on the lower E side.

Resurveyed at 1:2500. (5)

In 1979 a section of the barrow bank and ditch was excavated as part of the Marlborough Downs Project. The excavations were carried out to investigate barrow construction and the Old Ground Surface beneath the bank. The bank was probably retained by facing walls of turf and preserved a Neolithic ploughsoil. The ploughsoil contained a quantity of pottery and flint implements which are thought to be the result of heavy manuring with domestic midden material from a settlement situated within the vicinity.

The barrow ditch had a flat bottomed profile, which was re-cut later in the Bronze Age. The lower fills of the recut contained midden material derived from the nearby settlement (SU 17 NE 31). The upper fills contain Romano-British pottery derived from the cultivation of the barrow interior either on a sporadic or short-lived basis. A long mound present west of the centre of the barrow is unlikely to be an original barrow feature. It is thought this could be a Medieval pillow mound. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : (L V Grinsell)
Page(s) : 57,217
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1957
Source Number : 3
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : (A D Passmore)
Page(s) : 242
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 44 - 1927-9
Source Number : 4
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" 1950 (O Meyrick)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JWS 20-DEC-74
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society monographs
Source details : The Marlborough Downs: A Later Bronze Age Landscape and Its Origins. C. Gingell
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jan-92
Source Number :
Source : SU 17 NE 3 (1974)
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Disc Barrow, Cremation, Midden
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Pillow Mound
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Disc Barrow, Cremation, Midden
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU17NE615
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 196
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU17NE200
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 12320
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 17 NE 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : BURDEROP DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : BURDEROP DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1926-01-01
End Date : 1926-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 17 NE 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-12-20
End Date : 1974-12-20
Associated Activities : BURDEROP DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1977-01-01
End Date : 1978-12-31