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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 221486

Hob Uid: 221486
Location :
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Ogbourne St. Andrew
Grid Ref : SU1887272336
Summary : A Bronze Age bowl barrow situated in the corner of Ogbourne St Andrew Churchyard. Excavations in 1885 by Henry Cunnington located primary Bronze Age cremation, an Anglo-Saxon inhumation and about twenty intrusive inhumations thought to be part of the medieval churchyard. In 1974 the barrow was visible as an earthwork 23 metres in diameter, 1.6 metres high with an 0.3 metre deep mutilation in the top.
More information : (SU 1888 7234) Tumulus (NR). (1)

A round barrow in Ogbourne St Andrew churchyard, excavated by
Henry Cunnington in 1885. He found about 20 skeletons in the top
2 or 3 feet; a skeleton in a fir-wood coffin with iron clamps,
near the centre and 5 ft down; a cremation wrapped in a cloth and
associated with a flint knife and a small 'food vessel' at 7 ft;
and, at the old ground level, abundant traces of wood ash and
cremations, irregularly scattered, and 'what appeared to be the
side of a trench' some 6 or 7 ft in length and lined with wood.
Other items found in the excavation were a fine leaf-shaped
arrowhead just below the surface at the top of the barrow,
and several 'interesting flint implements and rubbers of sarsen
stone, turned up in the course of excavation'. Cunnington
interpreted the 20 skeletons as medieval burials (probably of poor
people as there were no traces of coffins); the skeleton in the
coffin as probably Saxon; and the lower level remains as
(inferentially) Bronze Age, with the trench feature possibly
the remains of a (primary) burial pit. (2).

Other authorities (3, 4, 5, 6) give summaries of the excavation
without dissenting from Cunnington's conclusions. The
cremation cloth is separately discussed (7). The skeleton and
coffin are generally accepted as probably Saxon, and are
illustrated by Baldwin Brown; they went to Devizes Museum (4).

The dimensions of the barrow are given by Cunnington as Diam c
85ft, height at least 11ft; and Grinsell gives practically the same.
(2-8)

SU 18877233. A bowl barrow 23.0 metres in diameter and 1.6 metres high with an 0.3 metre deep mutilation in the top. Tree covered.

Resurveyed at 1:2500. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : H Cunnington
Page(s) : 345-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 22, 1884-5
Source Number :
Source : SU 17 SE 31 (1974)
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : EH Goddard
Page(s) : 300
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1913-4
Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : ME Cunnington
Page(s) : 165
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 46, 1932-4
Source Number : 5
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details :
Page(s) : 186
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : A gazetteer of early Anglo-Saxon burial sites
Source details :
Page(s) : 271
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
Source details : AS Henshall
Page(s) : 158
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 16, 1950
Source Number : 8
Source : The arts in early England, volume 3. Saxon art and industry in the pagan period
Source details :
Page(s) : 1, XVIII
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 23-DEC-1974
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : The use of grave-goods in conversion-period England, c.600-c.850
Source details :
Page(s) : 186
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 261

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Cremation
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Early Medieval
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 410
Monument Type : Inhumation, Coffin
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Inhumation Cemetery
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Early Medieval
Component Monument Type : Inhumation, Coffin
Object Type :
Object Material : Wood

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 609
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 199
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 17 SE 31
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : ST ANDREW'S CHURCHYARD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1885-01-01
End Date : 1885-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 17 SE 31
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-12-23
End Date : 1974-12-23
Associated Activities : ST ANDREW'S CHURCH
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31