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Historic England Research Records

Studley Castle Royal Hunting Lodge

Hob Uid: 222673
Location :
Hampshire
New Forest
Bramshaw
Grid Ref : SU2220016010
Summary : A royal hunting lodge dating to the medieval period, situated in the New Forest on a south-facing spur at the north east end of Islands Thorns Enclosure. The moat surrounding the lodge survives as a shallow ditch and a low inner bank enclosing a square area, 35 metres across. Both the ditch and bank are 4-5 metres wide and the bank stands on average 0.4 metres above the interior but rises slightly higher at the sharp corners. The interior is divided roughly in half by a slight ditch running in a north-south direction across it, and there is a faint indication of a low central platform situated immediately west of this ditch, approximately 12 metres in diameter, which may have formed a foundation for the lodge. No visible traces survive of the lodge itself, although pieces of slate and medieval tile have been observed on the site and further buried remains can be expected to survive. Historical records indicate that the original structure was built between 1358 and 1361, that it included a kitchen, and was of timber frame and plaster construction, with a roof of Purbeck and Cornish slates. It formed part of a set of four lodges constructed at the same time in the New Forest for Edward III, the principal one of which, Hatheburg, was situated near Lyndhurst and was constructed on a grander scale. Scheduled.
More information : (SU 22201601) Studley Castle (NAT) Enclosure (AT) (1)

A square entrenchment of slight profile. (2)

Probable stock enclosure. (3)

Documentary research along with the discovery of West Country
slate, has established fairly conclusively that Studley Castle
and Church Place, Ashurst (SU 30 NW 1) are the sites of 14th c
hunting lodges. (4)

The work comprises a rectangular enclosure some 40m by 38m
formed by a bank with outer ditch some 8.0m in overall width
and up to 0.9m in height. A simple break in the east side is
probably the original entrance.

Piggott compares the work with some square and rectangular
works on Great Litchfield Down (SU 45 NE 18 & 23) and Handley
Hill, Dorset, which are suggested to be IA but the resemblance
is purely in their form. (a) There can be little doubt it is the Studley of the Kings works (b) which refers to the construction of Royal Hunting Lodges in the New Forest c 1358-61 at The
Park, Hatheburgh, Helmesley and Studley (Each was timber-framed
and was surrounded by a ditch and the houses roofed with Purbeck and
Cornish slates. For the other examples see SU 30 NW 1 (Church
Place, Ashurst) SU 30 NW 17 (Church Place, Denny) and SU
21 SW 7 (Church Place, Sloden).

Published 1:2500 correct. (5)

No change. Published 1:2500 correct. (6)

The earthworks remain as described above and depicted by the OS 1:2500 survey. The hunting lodge is sited in a typically prominent position. It resembles the examples listed above and also the site at Bolderwood (SU 20 NW 8). A few internal scarps and some additional bank detail, including raised corners, were noted.(7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : An introduction to field archaeology as illustrated by Hampshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 367
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : SU 21 NW 8 (Studley Castle) (1969)
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Sumner H. 1917. Ancient Earthworks of the New Forest, 64
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Hampshire Field Club New Forest Section reports
Source details : AH Pasmore
Page(s) : 6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8, 1969
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FGA 25-NOV-1969
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5a
Source : Antiquity
Source details : S Piggott
Page(s) : 482
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5, 1931
Source Number : 5b
Source : The history of the King's Works, volume 1 : the Middle Ages
Source details :
Page(s) : 983-986
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 JGB 02-SEP-82
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, N Smith & J Donachie, 5th Feb 1996
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 07-Jul-99
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built between 1358 and 1361
Monument End Date : 1361
Monument Start Date : 1358
Monument Type : Hunting Lodge, Moat, Timber Framed Building
Evidence : Earthwork, Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HA 287
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 32542
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 21 NW 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 222822
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 21 NW 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1969-11-25
End Date : 1969-11-25
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 21 NW 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1982-09-02
End Date : 1982-09-02