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Historic England Research Records

Cow Down Barrow Cemetery

Hob Uid: 224506
Location :
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Collingbourne Ducis
Grid Ref : SU2294751553
Summary : A Bronze Age round barrow cemetery situated on Cow Down. The cemetery comprises 14 bowl barrows, one disc barrow and a possible bowl or pond barrow. The majority survive as earthworks, the others as cropmarks. The barrows which survive as earthworks show damage caused by ploughing, trenching, animal or military action. The cemetery was excavated during the 19th century, mainly by W.C Lukis between 1855-1861 although one barrow is known to have been excavated by Richard Colt Hoare in 1802. The excavations located primary inhumations and cremations, some accompanied by grave goods which included beads, bone implements and pottery. One primary cremation was placed within a hollowed tree trunk accompanied by an antler hammer. There was one known example of an intrusive inhumation which was Iron Age or later in date. Several barrows contained no evidence for structures or features within the mound.
More information : (For details of each barrow which were originally recorded in this record please see individual child records).

[Centred SU 229515] Tumuli [NR]. (1)

Cow Down Barrow cemetery comprises of 13 bowl barrows, a disc barrow and a crop mark of a ring ditch. (Collingbourne Ducis 8a-8d, 9-18) The barrows were excavated by W.C. Lukis during 1855 and 1861. Primary crouched inhumations or cremations, often accompanied by grave goods, were located in all but four of the excavated barrows (SU 25 SW 182, SU 25 SW 189, SU 25 SW 192 and SU 25 SW 194). One of the primary cremations was found within a tree trunk coffin (SU 25 SW 186). Most of these barrows also had secondary burials, mainly cremations. Intrusive inhumations were also recorded in SU 25 SW 183 and SU 25 SW 187. (2,3)


All the barrows were surveyed at 1:2500. (4)

A group of sixteen round barrows on Cow Down. The cemetery comprises 15 bowl barrows and one disc barrow. Nineteenth century excavations produced primary and secondary inhumations and cremations. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1926
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Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details :
Page(s) : 167-8,217
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1, 1957
Source Number : 3
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details :
Page(s) : 85-97
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 10, 1865
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 22-MAR-1972
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Source Number : 6
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 04-Jan-90
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Source Number :
Source : SU 25 SW 30 (Cow Down Barrow Group) (1972)
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Barrow Cemetery, Bowl Barrow, Disc Barrow, Pond Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 119
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10067
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 25 SW 30
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 926953
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 926202
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 927177
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Associated Monuments : 927307
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Associated Monuments : 927361
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Associated Monuments : 927378
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Associated Monuments : 926194
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Associated Monuments : 926207
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 926233
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 927089
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 927373
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Associated Monuments : 926314
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 926318
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 926339
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 927334
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 927366
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Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 25 SW 30
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-03-22
End Date : 1972-03-22