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Historic England Research Records

Friarside Chapel

Hob Uid: 22463
Location :
County Durham
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : NZ1624057870
Summary : The lesser hospice of Friarside founded before 1312 dissolved probably in the 15th century. Usually called a hospital, but sometimes a chapel or chantry. The roofless remains consist of a chapel 6 m wide and 9.7 m long with a later building, 6 m wide and 5 m long, at the west end. The east wall, about 7 m high, contains a window of 3 lights to full height with a circular window above. In the south wall is a large segmental arched doorway, a smaller ogee headed doorway and two decorated windows. The north, west and south walls are about 4 m high.
More information :

NZ 1624 5787 Chapel (NR) (remains of) (NAT)
NZ 1618 5782 Low Friarside Farm (NAT) (1)

The lesser hospice of Friarside founded before 1312 dissolved
probably in the 15th century. Usually called a hospital, but
sometimes a chapel or chantry. (2)

Friarside Chapel. Mid 14th century church. Grade I. (3)

The roofless remains consist of a chapel 6 m wide and 9.7 m long with
a later building, 6 m wide and 5 m long, at the west end. The east
wall, about 7 m high, contains a window of 3 lights to full height
with a circular window above. In the south wall is a large segmental
arched doorway, a smaller ogee headed doorway and two decorated
windows. The north, west and south walls are about 4 m high. (4)

The chapel is as described by Authority 4. Its walls are 0.7 m thick.
See ground photograph from the SE (FAS/NR 1-14). Resurveyed at 1:2500
(Error in published plan position). (5)

Friarside Chapel, (formerly listed under Rowlands Gill), 14th century
and later Medieval. Grade II*. (6)

The site was visited by RCHME during a survey of scheduled
monuments in County Durham.

The chapel, measuring externally 14.8 m E-W by 5.9 m transversely, is
generally as described by the English Heritage Field Monuments
Warden (7a). It is situated on a slight terrace on a N-facing slope
in a pasture field, formerly a market garden. The greater eastern
part is faced on both sides with large squared-off sandstone blocks;
the inner face towards the east end of the south wall and the SE
corner have to some extent been rebuilt with smaller stones. The east
window and the two in the south wall as well as the ogee-headed
doorway and archway appear to be architecturally cohesive. The arch
way is not rebated for a door, and appears to have been an arcade to
a side chamber or further building of which there is now no trace.
Five stones protruding from the south wall west of the ogee-headed
doorway and another east of the archway may be the remains of this
side chamber, but they are not entirely convincing. There have been
some stones removed from the vicinity of the archway which is now
vulnerable to collapse. The west extention is built of random rubble
brought to the level every 0.6 m or so; it is not of the quality of
the rest of the building but is nevertheless well-built. The squared
off quoins are similar to those on the east part of the building and
are probably a re-use from the earlier description of the monument.
(7)
The low structural remains of the Friarside Chapel are visible on historical and more recent air photos. (9-10)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" map 1966
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 320,359
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : Next Perspectives APGB Imagery 02-OCT-2014
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Stanley UD Durham Nov 1948 3 1/9
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JHOstridge/02-SEP-1954/OS Archaeology Division Field Investigator
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 ISSainsbury/16-JAN-1980/OS Archaeology Division Field Investigator
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Source Number : 6
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (Listed Buildings) Dist of Derwentside Durham 21-JAN-1987 (110)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Keith Blood/19-AUG-1991/RCHME: Durham SAMs Project
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : S Thubron, English Heritage Field Monuments Warden, 1982
Page(s) :
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Source Number :
Source : Friarside Chapel/location plan
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 9
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF/CPE/UK/2352 RP 3277 04-OCT-1947 HISTORIC ENGLAND ARCHIVE
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1499
Monument Start Date : 1312
Monument Type : Chapel, Hospital, Chantry Chapel
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DU 42
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Durham)
External Cross Reference Number : 1923
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 439463
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 15 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : OASIS ID
External Cross Reference Number : alisonde1-410218
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Durham)
External Cross Reference Number : 35728
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 15 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1954-09-02
End Date : 1954-09-02
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 15 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1980-01-16
End Date : 1980-01-16
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: DURHAM SAMS PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1991-06-01
End Date : 1991-12-01