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Historic England Research Records

Lyndhurst Park

Hob Uid: 226148
Location :
Hampshire
New Forest
Lyndhurst
Grid Ref : SU3200006650
Summary : Royal park enclosed by Edward I in 1291, unusual in being a Royal park within a Royal forest. It covered 500 acres in 1299, was extended possibly in the 14th century and was in a ruinous state by 1428. In 1604 the boundary was refered to as an 'old ditch'. Traces of the park pale survive as earthworks.
More information : (Area centred SU 32000665) Park Pale (AT) (1)

The Park at Lyndhurst, originally enclosed by Edward I in 1291, is unusual for it was a King's Park within a King's Forest (a). In 1299 it covered 500 acres and in the 14th c the Sheriff of Southampton was ordered to provide the necessary transport for the work of inclosing the park (b).

Heywood Sumner's plan shows only the north and east sides of the "inner" and "outer" parks but Wrey considers the park to extend to the west and the park pale to be incorporated in the present west boundary of Park Ground Inclosure and the north-west boundary of Pondhead Inclosure. (c)

From the ground evidence it would appear that the original
park, enclosed by Edward I, is represented by the pale which can be traced for most of its course along the east, south and west sides of Park Ground Inclosure, along the west side of the Pondhead Inclosure, on the south side of the Lyndhurst - Beaulieu road and on the east side of Parkhill Lawn. Where best preserved it is up to 9.0m in overall width, including the internal ditch, and some 1.2m in height. This park encloses about 500 acres and is almost certainly the park noted in 1299.

The 'earlier park' appears to have been extended to the north and east to include the present Park Hill enclosure and some ground to the north of Lyndhurst - Beaulieu Road. Here again the pale has an internal ditch and measures some 9.0m in overall width and is up to 1.2m in height. This extension may have ocurred in the 14th c. when the Sheriff of Southampton was ordered to provide transport.

The park was reported to have been in a ruinous state by 1428 and in 1604 the boundary is referred to as 'an old ditch' (a) For details and extent see map diagram. Published 1:2500 revised. (2)

The surviving earthwork pale of Lyndhurst Park forms a `U'-shaped plan which is strange for a medieval park. Although it has been assumed that this is the original plan of the park, it is far from certain. The park is known to have been extended and some earthworks must have been subsequently destroyed. A detached c200m length of bank and ditch (SU 30 NW 69) on Clayhill Heath was almost certainly part of the park boundary at some time, although its position in the former plan is not clear on the ground today . (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1968
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Source Number : 1a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ancient Earthworks of the New Forest, 1917, 99-109, plan (H Sumner)
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Source : SU 30 NW 6 (Lyndhurst Park) (SU 3005) (1969)
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Source Number : 1b
Source : The Victoria history of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, volume four
Source details :
Page(s) : 631-33
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Source Number : 1c
Source : Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society
Source details : (EC Wrey)
Page(s) : 158-9
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Vol(s) : 21, 1960
Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FGA 24-JUL-69
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Smith, NA & Bowden, M RCHME Field Investigation 24 Apr 1998
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Source : SU 30 NW 6 (Lyndhurst Park) (SU 3105) (1969)
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Source : SU 30 NW 6 (Lyndhurst Park)
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Source : SU 30 NW 6 (Lyndhurst Park) (SU 3006) (1969)
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Source : SU 30 NW 6 (Lyndhurst Park) (SU 3007) (1969)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : enclosed 1291, ruinous by 1428
Monument End Date : 1428
Monument Start Date : 1291
Monument Type : Park, Park Pale
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Hampshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU30NW50
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 30 NW 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 222262
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1393743
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 30 NW 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1969-07-24
End Date : 1969-07-24