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Historic England Research Records

Spinis

Hob Uid: 232919
Location :
West Berkshire
Speen
Grid Ref : SU4544067900
Summary : Alleged site of a Roman settlement listed in the Antonine Itinerary. Two coins and pottery have been found, but no other substantive evidence.
More information : [Name SU 4545 6790] SPINIS ROMAN SETTLEMENT [G.S.]. (1,2)

Camden was the first to associate Speen with the Roman Station
Spinis recorded in the Antonine Itinerary (4). Then in 1813
Leman, in an MS. now in the Bath Museum, placed the site in the grounds of Speen House [SU 4523 6799]; a view shared by
J. Rickman in 1839 (5), and W. Money in 1892 (6).

The only evidence of earthworks is the scarping on the south
and east sides of Speen House garden, the ditch, [SU 4517 6814]
shown on the 25" Ordnance map north of the road, is a natural
slope. The only Roman remains found have been two coins, one of
Trajan Decius (7), (A.D. 249-251) the other of Faustina (A.D.
circa 141), with a general mention of Samian pottery and Roman
tiles (6). Much supposed Roman pottery and tiles were found when excavating the foundations of a house beside a private road to Mr.
Lowe's property near the church in Speen Village [almost certainly Speen House] (9) (10).

Peake does not consider there is sufficient evidence for accepting this site as Spinis (8). (3-10)

According to the mileages given in the Antonine Itinerary, the site of Spinar should be one and a half Roman miles nearer to Cunetio and further from Callea - i.e. in the area of SU 4300 6900. (11)

SPINIS. Presumed Roman settlement at Woodspeen, Berks (area SU 4469) although the nucleus has not been found. The Antonine Itinerary mileages indicate that it lay here, west of the modern village of Speen. (12)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" (Prov.) 1961
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS Roman Britain. 1956
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Source Number : 11
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : A.L.F. Rivet, A.A.O., 4.12.52
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Source Number : 11a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : It. Ant. 486, 6 (Iter. XIV)
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Source Number : 12
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Place Names of Roman Britain 1979 462 (A L F Rivet & C Smith)
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of Berkshire, volume one
Source details : (W. Page & C.M. Calthrop)
Page(s) : 213-4
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Vol(s) : Jan-06
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Camden Britannia, 1, 149 (R. Gough)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Archaeologia : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : (J. Rickman)
Page(s) : 413, 414
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist. of Speen. 1892, 7-12 (W. Money)
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Source Number : 7
Source : Transactions of the Newbury District Field Club
Source details :
Page(s) : 258
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Vol(s) : 2 1872-5
Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Arch. of Berks, 1931, 91 (H. Peake)
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist. of Newbury & Environs 1839, 156 (Anon)
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Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist. of Newbury, 1887, 12 (W. Money)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Town
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Town
Object Type : COIN, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 46 NE 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :