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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 234025

Hob Uid: 234025
Location :
Oxfordshire
Vale of White Horse
Frilford
Grid Ref : SU4228097260
Summary : Site of a Roman villa excavated in 1884; 12 rooms with a portico and a hypocaust were uncovered, possibly only one wing of the villa. Cropmarks of an Iron Age settlement and a probable Roman field system with possible grubenhauser cutting into it.
More information : [SU 4228 9726] Roman Villa [GS] (Site of) (1)

A small Roman villa of 12 rooms and a portico, in a field bordering on the road from Frilford to Kingston Bagpuize, was excavated in 1884 by Arthur Evans. [? outline visible on A.P. (3).] Eighty-eight feet from the north-east corner of the villa, two more rooms were found, one used either as a bath or a cistern. Evans regards these as belonging to a separate house. Earliest coin from the site is one of Trajan [98-117 AD] and the latest of Valens [364 - 378 AD.] [Cropmarks to the N. possibly connected with this site - see SU 49 NW 16] (2-3)

A number of pits dug for electric pylons in the vicinity of the Roman villa site, Frilford (SU 423975) revealed no sign of buildings or occupation. [The grid reference supplied places the site some distance farther north of the published entry, much nearer to the crop marks referred to in authy. 2.] (4)

Nothing significant is visible on the ground at the published site and recent ploughing has failed to reveal any Ro material. The nearest pylon is 500.0 m away. (See SU 49 NW 16 for some cropmarks possibly associated with the villa). (5)

General description with plan. In the hypocaust chamber were traces of tessellated pavement, broken by ploughing, with cubes of white stone and terra-cotta, and also mural painting in a variety of colours. The hypocaust pilae were of roughly split oolite slabs. The second building contained a furnace and a probable bathing chamber. Much Samian pottery, some New Forest ware and a few fragments of ware similar to Castor but probably from a kiln near Oxford, also other pottery, glass and coins. (6)

One wing only, with hypocaust and mosaic pavement. House is 73x40ft. overall. (7)

Continuity of occupation from IA to RO periods. Field system of probable RO date on aerial photos. Some features cutting into the villa field system could be sunken huts. (8)

Near the Filford Villa (SU 4297) surrounding paddocks and a large Iron Age settlement have been observed (See SU 49 NE 16). (9)

A plan of the building is given, together with a general plan of the area showing the associated cropmarks. (10)

OX 24 Listed as the site of a Roman villa. (11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : 1897 (A.J. Evans)
Page(s) : 340
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 54
Source Number : 11
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 158
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Air photos 106G/UK/1721/4016-7
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Oxoniensia
Source details : 1949 (Atkinson and Kirk)
Page(s) : 76
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 14
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JP 07-JUN-63
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The Victoria history of Berkshire, volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 207-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : The Roman villa in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 54,55,270
Figs. : 2.1
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 9: South Midlands archaeology newsletter
Source details : 1979
Page(s) : 126-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : 1980 (Grew F.O.)
Page(s) : 396
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 11
Source Number : 10
Source : The Romano-British countryside : studies in rural settlement and economy
Source details :
Page(s) : 60, 72
Figs. : 3, 6
Plates :
Vol(s) : 103 (i)

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 378
Monument Start Date : 98
Monument Type : Villa, Hypocaust, Tessellated Floor, Field System
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Early Medieval
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 410
Monument Type : Grubenhaus
Evidence : Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Oxfordshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 7115
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 49 NW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 234064
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 234061
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1369835
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, HAMFIELD BARN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1884-01-01
End Date : 1884-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 49 NW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-06-07
End Date : 1963-06-07