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Historic England Research Records

Walworth Castle

Hob Uid: 23755
Location :
Darlington
Walworth
Grid Ref : NZ2310018860
Summary : Mansion built circa 1600, incorporating an earlier structure. Originally U-shaped in plan, the north wing was added in the 19th century, enclosing the central courtyard. The three storey south front is flanked by round angle towers, one of which is loopholed. Part of the north wing may pre-date the remainder, possibly having been built as a service wing. The west wing was refaced in 1864. The house served as a military headquarters during the Second World War and a prisoner of war camp was constructed in the grounds. It consisted of Nissen huts that held 200 German officers. It was subsequently sold and converted into a girls' school. It has been a hotel since 1961.
More information : NZ 23101886 Walworth Castle (NAT). (1)

Surveyed. (2)

Walworth Castle Residential School; two and three storeyed building of circa 1600 with 18th century interior and 19th century alterations. Interior drastically recast for schools use by Durham County Council. Grade 1. (3)

As described, see photographs. The castle is now closed as a school, and is undergoing refurbishment with a view to re-opening it as an hotel. (4)

Mansion built circa 1600, incorporating an earlier structure. Originally U-shaped in plan, the north wing was added in the 19th century, enclosing the central courtyard. The three storey south front is flanked by round angle towers, one of which is loopholed. Part of the north wing may pre-date the remainder, possibly having been built as a service wing. The west wing was refaced in 1864. The house served as a military headquarters during World War II and was subsequently sold and converted into a girls' school. It has been a hotel since 1961. Listed Grade I. (5-7)

The site of a Second World War prisoner of war camp at Walworth Castle (NZ 2316 1884), known as Camp 36. It consisted of Nissen huts dispersed in the grounds of the castle. (8)

A former army major in command of the prisoner of war camp at Walworth Castle recalls that 200 German prisoners were billeted there. The prisoners stayed in Nissen huts and were allowed to built a miniature German castle at the camp entrance, in which to have a theatre and broadcast relay system. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1923
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DAD 16-MAY-57
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Source Number : 3
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Darlington RD Durham July 1966 17
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 RE 23-OCT-81
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Source Number : 5
Source : County Durham
Source details :
Page(s) : 482-3
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Source Number : 6
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Darlington, 16-JUL-1986
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Source Number : 7
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : http://www.walworthcastle.co.uk
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Source Number : 8
Source : Prisoner of War Camps (1939-1948) 20th Century Military Recording Project
Source details :
Page(s) : 24
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Source Number : 9
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : The Northern Echo, 2003. North East History: A spark of gratitude <> Updated on 24-MAR-2005 [Accessed on 22-MAY-2008]
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Pre c1600
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1590
Monument Type : Fortified House, Castle, Angle Tower
Evidence : Extant Building, Demolished Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Built c1600
Monument End Date : 1610
Monument Start Date : 1590
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C19
Monument End Date : 1900
Monument Start Date : 1801
Monument Type : Country House, Courtyard House, Service Wing
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Refaced 1864
Monument End Date : 1864
Monument Start Date : 1864
Monument Type : Courtyard House, Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Second World War
Monument End Date : 1948
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Military Headquarters, Prisoner Of War Camp
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : After 1950
Monument End Date : 1950
Monument Start Date : 1950
Monument Type : Boarding School
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : After 1961
Monument End Date : 1961
Monument Start Date : 1961
Monument Type : Hotel
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 78897
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 110911
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Durham)
External Cross Reference Number : D9016
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 21 NW 37
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 21 NW 37
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1957-05-16
End Date : 1957-05-16
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 21 NW 37
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1981-10-23
End Date : 1981-10-23