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Historic England Research Records

The Imp Stone

Hob Uid: 241092
Location :
Hampshire
Basingstoke and Deane
Pamber
Grid Ref : SU6162062520
Summary : The Imp Stone - The Nymph Stone (18thc) - Hyneston (1280) - Doubtful Roman Milestone. It is probably a Medieval Boundary Stone though the possibility exists that it is a re-used Roman stone which is no longer in situ.
More information : [SU 61626252] Imp Stone (B.S.) [T.I.] (1)

Two miles west from Silchester is a stone locally known as the
Impstone, inscribed : IMP. It was noted but not seen by Stukeley.
It is possibly a milestone. (2)

" ... over Silchester Common, near that which is called the
'Imp Stone' - a rude block standing on the heath about two miles
west of that town and supposed by Dr. Stukely to be a milestone.
It receives its name from the three letters IMP which have
been cut on it". (3)

Local tradition speaks of it having been thrown by a giant from
Silchester. (4)

"Hyneston, 1280AD. Looks like oolite. Has cup-shaped depression
on north face. Probably brought from Calleva for use as a
boundary-mark in medieval times. (5)

"Seen 13.1.54. Roughly oval, 17 1/2 by 11 inches, with two
broader faces dressed flat and cup-shaped depression near top
on north face. Excavated down to 2 feet from top but no trace of
IMP. Proved by probe to be at least 3 feet high. I do not think
this was ever a milestone either here or elsewhere. Bench mark on top. The soil around the stone is loose, largely ballast, and
according to Major Knowles, of the house opposite (name being
changed to Impstone Cottage) it was recently fully excavated by
a road man and measured by people believed to come from Reading
University". (6)

Nymph Stone. (7)

Nymph Stone. (8)

A further indication that this is not a Roman milestone is the
absence of a reference to it in the Anglo-Saxon charter which recounts the bounds of Tadley in AD.909. (9)

One of the men (c) who worked on the Soc. of Ants. excavations
as a labourer, remembered that, about 1900-10 the stone was dug
out, scrubbed and examined for an inscription. Nothing was found
and it was replaced.
The association of IMP with this stone is difficult to explain,
but it does not appear to have been a milestone. (10)

The stone, as described by A.L.F. Rivet is visible barely
0.3m. high, in the grass of the road verge. (11)

A roughly cut limestone block, with no inscription other than
an O.S. Bench Mark. (12)

Not now considered to be a Roman milestone. (13)

The Imp Stone is a limestone block set in a roadside verge. It stands 0.6m high and in section is roughly rectangular, 0.5m by 0.3m, with rounded corners. There is an early Bench Mark cut into the top but no other inscription. A cup like depression in the south face
incorporates a mortar filled hole like a hanger hole. Since Crawford
and Rivet say this was on the north face the stone would seem to have
been uprooted and reversed since 1954. (14)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1913
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : EE VII 1892 1096 Haverfield
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 9b
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Dr OGS Crawford Nursling
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Oral GC Boon
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 10c
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Mr F Smith Custodian Calleva Museum
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 WCW 25-JAN-57
Page(s) :
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Plates :
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Source Number : 12
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F3 GHP 25-APR-63
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 13
Source : The archaeology of Wessex : an account of Wessex antiquities from the earliest times to the end of the pagan-Saxon period, with special reference to existing field monuments
Source details :
Page(s) : 256,270
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1958
Source Number : 14
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F4 NVQ 08-MAY-87
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Gents Mag (1838) i 193
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Victoria history of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, volume four
Source details :
Page(s) : 433
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Apr-11
Source Number : 5
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Rec 6" (OGS Crawford 18.2.31)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ALFR 16-JAN-54
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Major Knowles, 13.1.54 Impstone Cottage (opposite)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Map of Berks (1790) (Pride)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Map of Berks (18thc)(Rocque)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 WW 22-JAN-57
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Milestone
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Boundary Marker
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1800
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Post Medieval
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 66 SW 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 66 SW 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1954-01-16
End Date : 1954-01-16
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 66 SW 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1957-01-25
End Date : 1957-01-25
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 66 SW 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-04-25
End Date : 1963-04-25
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: OS SWEEPS
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 66 SW 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1987-05-08
End Date : 1987-05-08