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Historic England Research Records

Shirburn Castle

Hob Uid: 241958
Location :
Oxfordshire
South Oxfordshire
Shirburn
Grid Ref : SU6966095990
Summary : Castle constructed circa 1378 on the site of a moated grange, altered in 1720 and the early 19th century. It is constructed of red brick which is partly rendered, dressed chalk and limestone, and is of three storeys, in a quandrangular plan with rounded corner towers. It was originally of Early Perpendicular style, remodelled in Georgian style and early 19th century Gothick style.
More information : [SU 6966 9598] SHIRBURN CASTLE [GT]. MOAT [GT] (1)

Shirburn Castle, built c. 1378. Although its openings have been modernised and the red brickwork of which it is constructed covered with a thick coat of plaster, it is complete. (2)

Shirburn Castle is probably 14th.c. but it has been heavily restored in red brick, and then partially plastered. The moat is water-filled and in good condition. Published 1/2500 correct. (3)

`I cross'd many pasture grounds and much nasty country to Sherborne Castle, L'd Macclesfield's seat, the object of our ride; but were refused admission, as his L'dship was at home. This is the second rebuff we have lately experienced and which, after a tedius sultry ride of 16 miles fretted us not a litte: let people proclaim that their great houses are not to be view'd, and then travellers will not ride out of their way with false hopes. This appears to be a very ugly place, in very ugly country, built in a moat, with turrets in the castle fashion, but with broad sashed windows; and the whole appearance is melancholy and tasteless" The Torrington Diaries, July, 11th, 1785.

The Castle was built in 1377 by Warine de l'Isle on the site of a moated grange. The Chamberlains held it for the king in the Civil War. Taken by Fairfax in 1646. Bought by the first Lord Macclesfield in 1720. He filled in the courtyard with rooms and altered the windows. The castle is square and battlemented with a round turret at each corner. It stands in a moat and is approached by drawbridges. (4)

(SU 69669598). Documentary history of the castle as well as photos, paintings and C18th plan. (5)

Additional references (6-7)

Listed by Cathcart King. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1922
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The castles of Great Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 212
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1953
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FGA 27-MAR-68
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) District of Bullingdon R.D. Oxford. Sept. 1949 125
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : The Victoria history of the counties of England
Source details : Oxfordshire
Page(s) : 178-181
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8 (1964)
Source Number : 6
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Oxfordshire (May 1987)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 34
Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) District of South Oxfordshire, 3 April 1987, 62
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 386
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Pre 1378 construction
Monument End Date : 1378
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Grange, Moat
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Constructed c1378
Monument End Date : 1388
Monument Start Date : 1368
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Remodelled in 1720
Monument End Date : 1720
Monument Start Date : 1720
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Early C19 remodelling
Monument End Date : 1832
Monument Start Date : 1800
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Oxfordshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 1122
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 248998
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 69 NE 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1091327
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1091752
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1091760
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1091765
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 617963
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 517046
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1091318
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1091320
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 69 NE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1968-03-27
End Date : 1968-03-27