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Historic England Research Records

Lumley Castle

Hob Uid: 24697
Location :
County Durham
Little Lumley
Grid Ref : NZ2878051050
Summary : Late 14th century crenellated fortified house quadrangular in plan comprising four three-storey ranges arranged round a courtyard with four four-storey angle towers. Licences to crenellate took place in 1382 and 1392. A chapel documented in 1432 was situated in the northeast tower. Alterations to the house were made circa 1580 and 1721. It is constructed of dressed and ashlar sandstone with pantiled roofs. Additions to the house were made in the 20th century, and it is now used as a hotel. The site has been interpreted as a possible site of a Roman signal station due to the presence of Roman masonry.
More information : NZ 28785105 Lumley Castle (NR). (1)

Lumley Castle is a late 14th century crenellated building of quadrangular form, with angle towers at each corner. The only important alterations were made circa 1580 and 1721. Now a residential hostel of Durham University. Grade 1. (2-3)

A Chapel mentioned 1432 within the Castle is situated in the north east tower on the floor immediately above the basement; now partitioned into two bedrooms. (4)

As described. In good condition and now in use as an hotel and Medieval and historic banquetting centre. (See Ground photographs).
Published Survey (1:1250) Correct. (5)

Listed as the site of a possible Roman signal station, indicated by the presence of Roman masonry. (6)

Lumley Castle and 3 ranges around service court, now an hotel. Licences to crenellate 1382 and 1392 AD. Grade 1. (7)

Additional reference. (8)

Listed by Cathcart King. (9)

The strong paralleles between the design of Lumley Castle and the design of Raby, Bolton, and Brancepeth Castles suggests that they were all designed by a single architect, probably John Lewy. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1967
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : County Durham
Source details :
Page(s) : 181-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : MHLG (Prov List) Chester-le-Street RD, July 1966
Page(s) : 4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Boyle J R. 1892. The County of Durham, 425-37
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ISS 18-JAN-80
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Popular archaeology
Source details : R Selkirk
Page(s) : 31
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Feb-87
Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Chester le Street, 23rd February 1987
Page(s) : 28
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Durham
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 13
Source Number : 9
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 136
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1
Source Number : 10
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details :
Page(s) : 83-98
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 24, 1996

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Signal Station
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Late C14 construction
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1367
Monument Type : Fortified House, Quadrangular Castle, Angle Tower
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Licence to crenellate
Monument End Date : 1382
Monument Start Date : 1382
Monument Type : Fortified House, Quadrangular Castle
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Licence to crenellate
Monument End Date : 1392
Monument Start Date : 1392
Monument Type : Fortified House, Quadrangular Castle
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Documented 1432
Monument End Date : 1432
Monument Start Date : 1432
Monument Type : Domestic Chapel
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered c1580
Monument End Date : 1590
Monument Start Date : 1570
Monument Type : Fortified House, Quadrangular Castle
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered
Monument End Date : 1721
Monument Start Date : 1721
Monument Type : Fortified House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Altered C20
Monument End Date : 1987
Monument Start Date : 1901
Monument Type : Hotel
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 109387
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 25 SE 10
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 24742
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 25 SE 10
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1980-01-18
End Date : 1980-01-18
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND NORTH OF LUMLEY CASTLE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31